European Journal of Applied Physiology

, Volume 91, Issue 5–6, pp 656–663 | Cite as

Influence of environmental temperature on exercise-induced inspiratory muscle fatigue

  • Lee M. Romer
  • Matthew W. Bridge
  • Alison K. McConnell
  • David A. Jones
Original Article


Exercise in the heat has detrimental effects on circulation that might negatively influence endurance performance. If blood is diverted away from the inspiratory muscles to the skin during exercise in the heat, exercise-induced inspiratory muscle fatigue might be exacerbated. Thus, we hypothesised that prolonged heavy endurance exercise in the heat would impair exercise performance and exacerbate inspiratory muscle fatigue compared to exercise in a thermo-neutral environment. Using a crossover design, seven male endurance trained subjects [mean (SEM) maximum oxygen uptake = 62.2 (1.5) ml·kg−1·min−1] were assigned at random to either a group that exercised in the heat at an ambient temperature of 35°C (H) or a group that exercised in the cool at 15°C (C). Maximum inspiratory mouth pressure at zero flow (P 0), pressure normalised maximum relaxation rate (MRR/P 0), time constant for the pressure decay (τ), and maximum inspiratory flow at 30% P 0 ( 30) were assessed immediately before and reassessed within 2, 30, and 60 min of completing a pre-loaded time trial [40 min at 65% peak power, plus ~30 min time trial] on a cycle ergometer . Group H completed the time trial 432 (135) s slower than group C [2,285 (180) vs 1,852 (122) s, respectively; Δ=24 (8)%, P=0.0094]. Repeat measurements within 2 min post-exercise revealed significant declines in P 0, MRR/P 0, τ, and 30 from baseline values, but no between-group differences were observed. In conclusion, heavy sustained exercise in the heat impaired subsequent time-trial performance but did not exacerbate inspiratory muscle fatigue in endurance-trained subjects.


Pressure Flow Temperature 



The experiments detailed in this report comply with the current laws of the country in which the experiments were performed.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lee M. Romer
    • 1
    • 3
  • Matthew W. Bridge
    • 1
  • Alison K. McConnell
    • 2
  • David A. Jones
    • 1
  1. 1.Human Performance Laboratory, School of Sport and Exercise SciencesThe University of BirminghamBirminghamUK
  2. 2.Department of Sport SciencesBrunel UniversityUxbridgeUK
  3. 3.John Rankin Laboratory of Pulmonary Medicine, Department of Population Health SciencesUniversity of WisconsinMadisonUSA

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