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Definition, symptoms and risk of techno-stress: a systematic review

  • Giuseppe La TorreEmail author
  • Alessia Esposito
  • Iliana Sciarra
  • Marta Chiappetta
Review

Abstract

Purpose

Techno-stress (TS) is an emergent phenomenon closely related to the pervasive use of information and communication technologies in modern society. Despite numerous studies existing in the literature, only few comprehensive reviews have been performed, which has led to fragmented information about TS. This systematic review aimed to clarify the definition, the symptoms, and the risk factors of TS, focusing on the differences between work-related and non-work-related sources of TS.

Methods

A comprehensive literature review of three electronic databases was performed according to the PRISMA statement. ‘Technostress’ was used as the only keyword.

Results

In the qualitative synthesis, 105 studies were included: 84 cross-sectional studies, 8 experimental studies and 13 reviews (11 narrative and 2 systematic reviews). 70 studies (67%) addressed work-related TS, 26 (25%) addressed non-work-related TS, while 8 (8%) did not differentiate between work and non-work fields. The presence and level of TS among individuals was described in 38 studies (29%), whilst the techno-stressors, and the consequences of TS, were described in 53 studies (51%). The antecedents of TS were reported in 47 studies (45%), its moderators in 40 studies (38%), whilst its symptoms in only 11 studies (10%).

Conclusions

TS affects both professional and private life. It can determine a reduction in job and life satisfaction and in productivity, and is often associated to the occurrence of psychological and behavioral disorders. Efforts should be made to recognize situations with a high risk of causing TS, to prevent its progressive development in a prospective way using mainly cohort studies.

Keywords

Techno-stress Information and communication technology PRISMA statement Systematic review Techno-stressors 

Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Giuseppe La Torre
    • 1
    Email author
  • Alessia Esposito
    • 1
  • Iliana Sciarra
    • 1
  • Marta Chiappetta
    • 1
  1. 1.Dipartimento di Sanità Pubblica e Malattie InfettiveSapienza Università di RomaRomeItaly

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