Changes in psychosocial work factors in the French working population between 2006 and 2010

  • Lucile Malard
  • Jean-François Chastang
  • Isabelle Niedhammer
Original Article



The aim of the study was to assess the changes in psychosocial work factors in the French working population between 2006 and 2010 and to examine potential differential changes according to age, occupation, public/private sector, work contract and self-employed/employee status.


The study sample included 5,600 workers followed up from 2006 to 2010 from the national representative Santé et Itinéraire Professionnel (SIP) survey. Psychosocial work factors included decision latitude, psychological demands, social support, reward, overcommitment, long working hours, predictability, night- and shift work, emotional demands, role conflict, ethical conflict, tensions with the public, job insecurity and work–life imbalance, and were measured using scores. Linear regressions were used to analyse the change in the scores of these factors adjusted for age and initial score. All analyses were stratified by gender.


Psychosocial work factors worsened between 2006 and 2010: decision latitude, social support, reward, role conflict and work–life imbalance for both genders, and psychological demands, emotional demands, ethical conflict and tensions with the public for women. Differential changes according to age, occupation, public/private sector, work contract and self-employed/employee status were observed suggesting that some groups may be more likely to be exposed to negative changes especially the younger, low- and high-skilled and public sector workers.


Monitoring exposure to psychosocial work factors over time may be crucial, and prevention policies should take into account that deterioration of psychosocial work factors may be sharper among subgroups such as younger, low- and high-skilled and public sector workers.


Changes Psychosocial work factors France 



The authors thank Nicolas de Riccardis and the work group of the DREES and DARES for their help and advice with the SIP dataset. Funding: French Ministry of Labour (DARES, Grant No. 2200727156) and Université de Versailles Saint-Quentin (Lucile Malard’s PhD thesis).

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

420_2014_953_MOESM1_ESM.docx (65 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 64 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lucile Malard
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Jean-François Chastang
    • 1
    • 2
  • Isabelle Niedhammer
    • 1
    • 2
    • 4
  1. 1.INSERM, UMR_S 1136, Pierre Louis Institute of Epidemiology and Public Health, Department of Social EpidemiologyParisFrance
  2. 2.Sorbonne Universités, UPMC Univ Paris 06, UMR_S 1136, Pierre Louis Institute of Epidemiology and Public Health, Department of Social EpidemiologyParisFrance
  3. 3.Université de Versailles St-Quentin, UMR_S 1018VillejuifFrance
  4. 4.UMR_S 1136INSERMVillejuif CedexFrance

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