Burnout risk in medical students in Spain using the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Student Survey
- 1.6k Downloads
It is questionable whether the Maslach Burnout is suitable for studying burnout prevalence in preclinical medical students because many questions are patient-centered and the students have little or no contact with patients. Among factors associated with burnout in medical students, the gender shows conflicting results. The first aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of the risk of burnout in medical students in preclinical and clinical years of training, using the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Student Survey, specifically designed and validated to assess the burnout in university students, and secondly, to investigate the association between gender and burnout subscales.
A cross-sectional study was carried out in a sample of 270 Spanish medical students—176 (65%) in the third year and 94 (35%) in the sixth year of training—using the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Student Survey questionnaire.
Internal consistencies (Cronbach’s alpha) for the three subscales on the whole sample were as follows: for exhaustion 0.78, cynicism 0.78, and efficacy 0.71. Moreover, the prevalence of burnout risk was significantly higher in sixth-year students 35 (37.5%) compared with students in third year of training 26 (14.8%) (χ2 test, p < 0.0001). No significant association was found between gender and burnout subscales.
The Maslach Burnout Inventory-Student Survey overcame difficulties encountered when students have little or no contact with patients. Our findings show that the risk of burnout prevalence doubled from the third year to sixth year of training and that gender was not significantly associated with any of the subscales of burnout.
KeywordsBurnout Gender Medical students Maslach Burnout Inventory-Student Survey (MBI-SS)
- Bresó E, Salanova M, Schaufeli WB, Nogareda C (2007) Síndrome de estar quemado por el trabajo “Burnout” (III): instrumento de medición. Nota Técnica de Prevención, 732, 21ª Serie. Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el trabajoGoogle Scholar
- Dyrbye LN, Thomas MR, Massie FS, Power DV, Eacker A, Harper W, Durning S, Moutier C, Szydlo DW, Novotny PJ, Sloan JA, Shanafelt TD (2008) Burnout and suicidal ideation among US medical students. Ann Intern Med 149:334–341Google Scholar
- Guthrie E, Black D, Bagalkote H, Shaw C, Campbell M, Creed F (1998) Psychological stress and burnout in medical students: a five year prospective longitudinal study. J R Soc Med 91:237–243Google Scholar
- IsHak WW, Lederer S, Mandili C, Nikravesh R, Seligman L, Vasa M, Ogunyemi D, Bernstein CA (2009) Burnout during residency training: a literature review. JGME 1:236–242Google Scholar
- Maslach C (1993) Burnout: a multidimensional perspective. In: Schaufeli WB, Maslach C, Marek T (eds) Professional burnout: recent developments in theory and research. Taylor and Francis, New York, pp 20–21Google Scholar
- Maslach C, Jackson SE, Leiter MP (1996) Maslach burnout inventory, 3rd edn. Consulting Psychologists Press, Palo AltoGoogle Scholar
- Nunnaly JC, Bernstein IH (1994) Psychometric theory, 3rd edn. McGraw-Hill, New YorkGoogle Scholar
- Santen SA, Holt DB, Kemp JD, Hemphill RR (2010) Burnout in medical students: examining the prevalence and associated factors. South Med J 103:758–763Google Scholar
- Schaufeli WB (2003) Past performance and future perspectives of burnout research. SAJIP 29:1–15Google Scholar
- Schaufeli WB, Leiter MP, Maslach C, Jackson SE (1996) The Maslach Burnout Inventory: General Survey (MBI-GS). In: Maslach C, Jackson SE, Leiter MP (eds) The Maslach burnout inventory—test manual, 3rd edn. Consulting Psychologists Press, Palo Alto, pp 19–26Google Scholar
- Shanafelt TD, Balch CM, Bechamps GJ et al (2009) Burnout and career satisfaction among American surgeons. Ann Surg 250:463–471Google Scholar
- Soler JK, Yaman H, Esteva M et al. (European General Practice Research Network Burnout Study Group) (2008) Burnout in European family doctors: the EGPRN study. Fam Pract 25: 245–265Google Scholar
- Willcock SM, Daly MD, Tennant CC, Allard BJ (2004) Burnout and psychiatric morbidity in new medical graduates. MJA 181:357–360Google Scholar