Heart rate variability changes in physicians working on night call

  • Birgitta Malmberg
  • Roger Persson
  • Per Flisberg
  • Palle Ørbaek
Original Article

Abstract

Purpose

Adverse effects by night-call duty have become an important occupational health issue. The aim of this study was to investigate whether the heart rate variability (HRV) differed during recovery from day work and night-call duty between distinct physician specialities.

Methods

We studied the impact of a 16-h night-call duty on autonomic balance, measured by HRV, among two physician groups differing with respect to having to deal with life-threatening conditions while on call. Nineteen anaesthesiologists (ANEST) and 16 paediatricians and ear, nose and throat surgeons (PENT) were monitored by ambulatory digital Holter electrocardiogram (ECG). Heart rate variability was analysed between 21:00 and 22:00 after an ordinary workday, on night call and in the evening post-call. Absolute and normalized high-frequency power (HF, HFnu) were the main outcome variables, expressing parasympathetic influence on the heart.

Results

ANEST had lower HF power than PENT while on night call and post-daytime work (p < 0.05), but not at post-night call. In the whole group of physicians, HFnu was lower on call and post-daytime work compared with post-night-call duty (p < 0.05).

Conclusions

The physiological recovery after night duty seemed sufficient in terms of HRV patterns for HFnu, reflecting autonomic balance and did not differ between specialities. However, the less dynamic HRV after daytime work and during night-call duty in the ANEST group may indicate a higher physiological stress level. These results may contribute to the improvement of night-call schedules within the health care sector.

Keywords

Shift work Occupation Cardiovascular Stress Biomarker Anaesthesiologist 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Birgitta Malmberg
    • 1
  • Roger Persson
    • 2
  • Per Flisberg
    • 3
  • Palle Ørbaek
    • 2
  1. 1.Division of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Department of Laboratory MedicineLund UniversityLundSweden
  2. 2.National Research Centre for the Working EnvironmentCopenhagenDenmark
  3. 3.Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care MedicineLund UniversityLundSweden

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