Time to first pregnancy among women working in agricultural production

  • Alvaro J. Idrovo
  • Luz Helena Sanìn
  • Donald Cole
  • Jorge Chavarro
  • Heidy Cáceres
  • Javier Narváez
  • Mauricio Restrepo
Original Article


Objectives: This study explores several factors potentially associated with reduced fecundability among women working in cut flowers production. Methods: A cross-sectional study of first pregnancies was undertaken in 47 Colombian floriculture companies. Two thousand and eighty-five women were interviewed regarding potential reproductive, lifestyle and work history predictors of time-to-pregnancy (TTP), measured in months. Fecundability odds ratios (fOR) were estimated using a discrete time analogue of Cox’s proportional hazard model. Results: Associated with longer TTP were: irregular relationships with her partner (fOR 0.82, 95% CI 0.73–0.91), illness in the year prior to pregnancy (fOR 0.78, 95% CI 0.62–0.98), smoking tobacco (fOR 0.71, 95% CI 0.59–0.85), and work in flower production, less than 24 months (fOR 0.86 95% CI 0.75–0.98) or 2 years or more (fOR 0.73, 95% CI 0.63–0.84). Conclusions: Work in flower production, irregular relationship, illness and tobacco exposure would be associated with impaired fecundability.


Fertility Pesticide Occupational exposure Agriculture Colombia 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alvaro J. Idrovo
    • 1
    • 2
  • Luz Helena Sanìn
    • 3
    • 4
  • Donald Cole
    • 4
    • 5
  • Jorge Chavarro
    • 1
  • Heidy Cáceres
    • 1
  • Javier Narváez
    • 1
  • Mauricio Restrepo
    • 1
  1. 1.Departamento de Salud Pública y Tropical, Facultad de Medicina, Instituto de Salud PúblicaUniversidad Nacional de ColombiaBogotá DCColombia
  2. 2.Instituto Nacional de Salud PúblicaCuernavacaMéxico
  3. 3.FEN/Universidad Autónoma de ChihuahuaChihuahuaMéxico
  4. 4.Department of Public Health SciencesUniversity of TorontoCanada
  5. 5.Institute for Work and Health TorontoCanada

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