Intranasal chemosensory function of the trigeminal nerve and aspects of its relation to olfaction

  • Thomas Hummel
  • Andrew Livermore
Original Article


Objectives: The review outlines characteristics of the intranasal trigeminal chemosensory system. In addition, it provides selective comparisons of the trigeminal and olfactory systems, the two of which interact at multiple levels. Results and Conclusions: This interaction between the trigeminal and olfactory systems is an important determinant of sensations of odor. Further, it appears to change as a result of aging and disease. Thus, the interaction between the olfactory and trigeminal systems is not straightforward and may be difficult to predict, but it has a powerful influence on the perception of odors.

Irritation Chemosensory Electrophysiology Human Psychophysiology 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Thomas Hummel
    • 1
  • Andrew Livermore
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Otorhinolaryngology, University of Dresden Medical School, Fetscherstrasse 74, 01307 Dresden, Germany
  2. 2.School of Social Sciences & Liberal Studies, Charles Sturt University – Mitchell, Bathurst, New South Wales, Australia

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