Archive of Applied Mechanics

, Volume 89, Issue 6, pp 1157–1170 | Cite as

FEM analysis of a multiferroic nanocomposite: comparison of experimental data and numerical simulation

  • Matthias LabuschEmail author
  • Veronica Lemke
  • Carolin Schmitz-Antoniak
  • Jörg Schröder
  • Samira Webers
  • Heiko Wende


In this contribution, we analyze the properties of two-phase magneto-electric (ME) composites. Such ME composite materials have raised scientific attention in the last decades due to many possible applications in a wide range of technical devices. Since the effective magneto-electric properties significantly depend on the microscopic morphology, we investigate in more detail the changes in the in-plane polarization due to an applied magnetic field. It was shown in previous works that it is possible to grow vertically aligned nanopillars of magnetostrictive cobalt ferrite in a piezoelectric barium titanate matrix by pulsed laser deposition. Based on x-ray linear dichroism, the displacements of titanate ions in the matrix material can be measured due to an applied magnetic field near the boundary of the interface between the matrix and the nanopillars. Here, we focus on (1–3) fiber-induced composites, based on previous experiments, where cobalt ferrite nanopillars are embedded in a barium titanate matrix. In the numerical simulations, we adjusted the boundary value problem to match the experimental setup and compare the results with previously made assumptions of the in-plane polarizations. A further focus is taken on the deformation behavior of the nanopillar over its whole height. Such considerations validate the assumption of the distortion of the nanopillars under an external magnetic field. Furthermore, we analyze the resulting magneto-electric coupling coefficient.


Magneto-electro-mechanical coupling FEM analysis Nanopillars Multiferroics 



We gratefully acknowledge the financial support by the “Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft” (DFG), research group “Ferroische Funktionsmaterialien - Mehrskalige Modellierung und experimentelle Charakterisierung”, Project 1 (SCHR 570/12-2) and Project 2 (WE 2623/13-2).


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Matthias Labusch
    • 1
    Email author
  • Veronica Lemke
    • 1
  • Carolin Schmitz-Antoniak
    • 2
  • Jörg Schröder
    • 1
  • Samira Webers
    • 3
  • Heiko Wende
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Civil Engineering, Institute of Mechanics, Faculty of EngineeringUniversity Duisburg-EssenEssenGermany
  2. 2.Research Center JülichPeter-Grünberg-Institute (PGI-6)JülichGermany
  3. 3.Faculty of Physics/Experimental Physics - AG Wende and Center for Nanointegration Duisburg-Essen (CENIDE)University Duisburg-EssenDuisburgGermany

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