Advertisement

Archive of Applied Mechanics

, Volume 86, Issue 10, pp 1715–1732 | Cite as

Tuning of a vibration absorber with shunted piezoelectric transducers

  • Oliver HeussEmail author
  • Rogério Salloum
  • Dirk Mayer
  • Tobias Melz
Open Access
Special

Abstract

In order to reduce structural vibrations in narrow frequency bands, tuned mass absorbers can be an appropriate measure. A quite similar approach which makes use of applied piezoelectric elements, instead of additional oscillating masses, are the well-known resonant shunts, consisting of resistances, inductances, and possibly negative capacitances connected to the piezoelectric element. This paper presents a combined approach, which is based on a conventional tuned mass absorber, but whose characteristics can be strongly influenced by applying shunted piezoceramics. Simulations and experimental analyses are shown to be very effective in predicting the behavior of such electromechanical systems. The vibration level of the absorber can be strongly attenuated by applying different combinations of resistant, resonant, and negative capacitance shunt circuits. The damping characteristics of the absorber can be changed by applying a purely resistive or resonant resistant shunt. Additionally, the tuning frequency of the absorber can be adapted to the excitation frequency, using a negative capacitance shunt circuit, which requires only the energy to supply the electric components.

Keywords

Shunt damping Tuned mass absorber Active vibration control Semi-active Frequency tuning 

References

  1. 1.
    Frahm, H.: Device for damping vibrations of bodies. United States Patent 989958 (1911)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Ormondroyd, J., Den Hartog, J.: The theory of the vibration absorber. Trans. Am. Soc. Mech. Eng. (49), A9–A22 (1928)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Kela L., Vähäoja P.: Recent studies of adaptive tuned vibration absorbers/neutralizers. Appl. Mech. Rev. 62(9), 060801–9 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Konstanzer, P., Jänker, P., Storm, S.: A piezo inertial force generator optimized for high force and low frequency. Smart Mater. Struct. 16(4) (2007)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Sabirin, C.R., Röglin, T., Mayer, D.: Design and control of adaptive vibration absorbers mounted on an air conditioning compressor. In: Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Structural Dynamics, EURODYN 2011, Leuven (2011)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Hagood N.W., von Flotow A.: Damping of structural vibrations with piezoelectric materials and passive electrical networks”. J. Sound Vib. 146(2), 243–268 (1991)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Davis C.L., Lesieutre G.A.: An actively tuned solid-state vibration absorber using capacitive shunting of piezoelectric stiffness. J. Sound Vib. 232(3), 601–617 (2000)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Neubauer M., Oleskiewicz R., Popp K., Krzyzynski T.: Optimization of damping and absorbing performance of shunted piezo elements utilizing negative capacitance. J. Sound Vib. 298(1–2), 84–107 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    de Marneffe, B., Preumont, A.: Vibration damping with negative capacitance shunts: theory and experiment. Smart Mater. Struct. 17 (2008)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Forward R.L.: Electronic damping of vibrations in optical structures. Appl. Opt. 18(5), 690–697 (1979)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Tang, J., Wang, K.W.: Active-passive hybrid piezoelectric networks for vibration control: comparisons and improvement. Smart Mater. Struct. 794–806 (2001)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Antoniou, A.: Realisation of gyrators using operational amplifiers and their use in RC-active-network synthesis. Proc. IEE. 116(11) (1969)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Forward, R.L.: Electromechanical transducer-coupled mechanical structure with negative capacitance compensation circuit. USA Patent US Patent Specification 4,158,787 (1979)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Date, M., Kutani, M., Sakai, S.: Electrically controlled elasticity utilizing piezoelectric coupling. J. Appl. Phys. 87(2) (2000)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Behrens S., Flemin A.J., Moheimani S.O.R.: A broadband controller for shunt piezoelectric damping of structural vibration. Smart Mater. Struct. 12, 18–28 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Jones B.K., Santana J., McPherson M.: Negative capacitance effects in semiconductor diodes. Solid State Commun. 107(2), 47–50 (1998)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Manzoni S., Moschini S., Redaelli M., Vanali M.: Vibration attenuation by means of piezoelectric transducer shunted to synthetic negative capacitance. J. Sound and Vib. 331(21), 4644–4657 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2014

Open AccessThis article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits any use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author(s) and the source are credited.

Authors and Affiliations

  • Oliver Heuss
    • 1
    Email author
  • Rogério Salloum
    • 1
  • Dirk Mayer
    • 1
  • Tobias Melz
    • 1
  1. 1.Smart Structures, Fraunhofer Institute for Structural Durability and System Reliability LBFDarmstadtGermany

Personalised recommendations