Archive of Applied Mechanics

, Volume 81, Issue 10, pp 1365–1391

# Theory of thin thermoelastic rods made of porous materials

• Mircea Bîrsan
• Holm Altenbach
Original

## Abstract

In this paper, we consider thin rods modeled by the direct approach, in which the rod-like body is regarded as a one-dimensional continuum (i.e., a deformable curve) with a triad of rigidly rotating orthonormal vectors attached to each material point. In this context, we present a model for porous thermoelastic curved rods, having natural twisting and arbitrary shape of cross-section. To describe the porosity, we employ the theory of elastic materials with voids. The basic laws of thermodynamics are applied directly to the one-dimensional continuum, and the nonlinear governing equations are established. We formulate the constitutive equations and determine the structure of constitutive tensors. We prove the uniqueness of solution to the boundary-initial-value problem associated with the deformation of porous thermoelastic rods in the framework of linear theory. Then, we show the decoupling of the bending-shear and extension-torsion problems for straight porous rods. Using a comparison with three-dimensional equations, we identify and give interpretations to the relevant fields introduced in the direct approach. Finally, we consider the case of orthotropic materials and determine the constitutive coefficients for deformable curves in terms of three-dimensional constitutive constants by means of comparison between simple solutions obtained in the two approaches for porous thermoelastic rods.

## Keywords

Theory of rods Thermoelasticity Materials with pores Uniqueness of solution Orthotropic behavior Effective stiffness

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