Archive of Applied Mechanics

, Volume 77, Issue 5, pp 325–337 | Cite as

The inverse identification problem and its technical application

  • Tadeusz Uhl


This paper presents an overview of a loading force identification technique. Load identification methods are based on the solution of the inverse identification problem. Many different approaches for linear systems have been developed in this area. For both linear and nonlinear systems, methods based on the minimization of assumed objective functions are formulated. The least square error between the simulated and measured system responses is mainly used as the objective function. The dynamic programming optimization method formulated by Bellman is commonly used for the minimization of the objective function to estimate the excitation forces. The inverse identification problem in most practical cases is ill-posed because not all the state variables or initial conditions are known. Ill-posed inverse identification problems can be solved using several techniques, the most useful of which are: the generalized cross-validation method, the dynamic programming technique and Tikhonov’s method. This article presents the theoretical background and main limits to the application of inverse identification methods. Numerical and experimental tests on a laboratory rig were made to verify the formulated procedures. The method is applied to the identification of wheel–rail contact forces during rail vehicle operation. The method can be applied for indirect measurements of contact forces in railway equipment testing.


Load identification problem Inverse identification method Rail vehicle testing 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of Science and TechnologyKrakowPoland

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