Immunohistochemical localization of glutathione S-transferase-T1 in murine kidney, liver, and lung
- 41 Downloads
Glutathione S-transferase-mediated metabolism of exogenous compounds usually leads to detoxification, but there are some exceptions. For example, glutathione S-transferase-T1 (GSTT1) can also generate genotoxic metabolites. Studies on the biology of GSTT1 are limited by the lack of specific antibodies recognizing GSTT1 in animal tissues. We localized GSTT1 immunohistochemically in mouse kidney, liver, and lung using a novel antibody targeted against the C-terminus of rat GSTT1 (rGSTT1). The antibody was characterized using immunoblot and shown to specifically recognize rGSTT1 and mouse GSTT1, but not human GSTT1. In kidney, GSTT1 staining was detected only in collecting duct epithelium. In liver, pericentral hepatocytes showed cytoplasmic and nuclear staining. Nuclear staining was also observed in several other hepatocytes without relation to liver zonation. Nuclei and supranuclear cytoplasm of bile duct epithelium and endothelium of interlobular arterioles also reacted strongly. In lung, staining was observed in bronchiolar epithelium and in surrounding muscle cells. Type II pneumocytes and endothelial cells of intrapulmonary capillaries also showed strong positive staining. This report describes the first immunohistochemical localization of GSTT1 in mammalian tissues. The reported location of GSTT1 is consistent with its known metabolic activity toward compounds such as dichloromethane and their metabolism into genotoxic products.
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.