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Histochemistry and Cell Biology

, Volume 127, Issue 6, pp 657–667 | Cite as

Laminins in normal, keratoconus, bullous keratopathy and scarred human corneas

  • Berit Byström
  • Ismo Virtanen
  • Patricia Rousselle
  • Kaoru Miyazaki
  • Christina Lindén
  • Fatima Pedrosa Domellöf
Original Paper

Abstract

The laminin composition (LMα1-α5, β1–β3, γ1 and γ2 chains) of normal corneas and corneal buttons from keratoconus, bullous keratopathy (BKP), Fuchs’ dystrophy + BKP, Fuchs’ dystrophy without BKP and scar after deep lamellar keratoplasty (DLKP) was investigated with immunohistochemistry. The epithelial basement membranes (BMs) of both normal and diseased corneas contained LMα3, α5, β1, β3, γ1 and γ2 chains. The epithelial BM morphology was altered in the different diseases. Scarring was associated with irregular BM and ectopic stromal localization of different laminin chains. The Descemet’s membrane (DM) contained LMα5, β1 and γ1 chains in all cases and additionally LMβ3 and γ2 chains in the majority of keratoconus corneas. The interface in the DLKP cornea had patches of LMα3, α4, α5, β1 and β2 chains, and an extra BM-like structure under the Bowman’s membrane. These results suggest that laminin chains participate in the process of corneal scarring and in the pathogenesis of some corneal diseases. The novel finding of LMα3, β3 and γ2 in the DM of keratoconus buttons indicates that this membrane is also involved in the disease and that some cases of keratoconus may have a congenital origin, without normal downregulation of the LMβ3 chain.

Keywords

Laminin Cornea Human Keratoconus Basement membrane 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors thank Margaretha Enerstedt for excellent technical assistance and professor Donald Gullberg, Bergen, Norway for kindly providing the hLN-α1G4/G5 ab.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Berit Byström
    • 1
    • 2
  • Ismo Virtanen
    • 3
  • Patricia Rousselle
    • 4
  • Kaoru Miyazaki
    • 5
  • Christina Lindén
    • 2
  • Fatima Pedrosa Domellöf
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Integrative Medical Biology, Section for AnatomyUmeå UniversityUmeåSweden
  2. 2.Department of Clinical Sciences, OphthalmologyUmeå UniversityUmeåSweden
  3. 3.Institute of Biomedicine/AnatomyUniversity of HelsinkiHelsinkiFinland
  4. 4.Institut de Biologie et Chimie des Protéines, CNRSUniversité Lyon, IFR128 BioSciencesLyonFrance
  5. 5.Division of Cell Biology, Kihara Institute for Biological ResearchYokohama City UniversityYokohamaJapan

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