Effects of lens extraction versus laser peripheral iridotomy on anterior segment morphology in primary angle closure suspect

  • Chenxi Yan
  • Ying Han
  • Yibo Yu
  • Wei Wang
  • Danni Lyu
  • Yizhen Tang
  • Ke YaoEmail author



To compare the anatomical effects on anterior segment by lens extraction (LE, phacoemulsification with posterior chamber intraocular lens implantation) and laser peripheral iridotomy (LPI) in primary angle closure suspect (PACS) eyes.


This prospective comparative cohort trial included a total of 122 consecutive patients identified as PACS aged 52 to 80 years. LE or LPI was performed based on each patient’s choice. The anterior segment optical coherence tomography (ASOCT) and gonioscopy were conducted at baseline and 4 weeks post-operation. Outcome measures include percentage of residual angle closure, mean angle width (modified Shaffer grade), angle opening distance (AOD), trabecular iris angle (TIA), trabecular iris space area (TISA), anterior chamber depth (ACD), iris curvature (I-Curve), lens vault (LV), intraocular pressure (IOP), and best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA).


All anterior angle parameters (AOD, TIA, and TISA) were significantly greater after LE than LPI (P < 0.001 for all). ACD (P < 0.001) increased, LV (P < 0.001) decreased, IOP (P < 0.001) decreased, and BCVA (P < 0.001) increased after LE. However, no significant changes were found in ACD (P = 0.782), LV (P = 0.616), IOP (P = 0.112), and BCVA (P = 0.131) after LPI. In both groups, I-Curve decreased after the operation, but the iris was flatter after LE than LPI (P < 0.001). Gonioscopically, the LE group achieved a larger post-operative angle width (modified Shaffer grade) than LPI (P < 0.001) and all anterior chamber angles were open (defined as posterior pigmented trabecular meshwork (PTM) visible with static gonioscopy) after operation. Nevertheless, after LPI, 12 eyes (20.0%) still had two or more quadrants and 32 eyes (53.3%) still had at least one quadrant in which the posterior PTM could not be observed.


Compared with LPI, LE resulted in a wider anterior chamber angle, a deeper anterior chamber, and a lower IOP in PACS eyes. Moreover, no residual angle closure was observed after LE, which could morphologically prevent the progress of angle closure.

Trial registration



Anterior segment morphology Primary angle closure Lens extraction Laser peripheral iridotomy Anterior segment optical coherence tomography 



This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (81600716) and the Zhejiang Province Key Research and Development Program of China (2015C03042).

Compliance with ethical standards

This prospective study was approved by the ethics committee of the Institutional Review Board of the Second Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University, School of Medicine, Hangzhou, China.

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Informed consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Eye Center of the 2nd Affiliated HospitalMedical College of Zhejiang UniversityHangzhouChina
  2. 2.Department of OphthalmologyUniversity of CaliforniaSan FranciscoUSA

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