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Potential predictors for frequent relapse in human leukocyte antigen-B27-associated uveitis

  • Mirinae Kim
  • Yoon Seob Sim
  • Seung Yong Choi
  • Young-Hoon Park
Inflammatory Disorders

Abstract

Purpose

To identify potential predictors for frequent relapse in a cohort of patients with human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-B27-associated uveitis in a tertiary referral center at the initial visit.

Methods

This retrospective cohort study comprised 130 patients diagnosed with HLA-B27-associated uveitis. Subjects were divided into two groups according to the frequency of uveitis attacks (number/year): frequent relapse (FR) (who relapsed more than twice a year, 38) and infrequent relapse (IR) group (who relapsed twice or less than twice a year, 92).

Results

The FR group presented more often with hypopyon or posterior synechiae at the initial presentation. Interestingly, posterior segment involvements including vitritis, vasculitis, or cystoid macular edema were not significantly different between the groups. In terms of laboratory findings, the erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) was higher in the FR group. Multivariate Cox hazards analysis showed male sex, the presence of hypopyon, and ESR to be potential predictive factors for frequent relapse.

Conclusion

We found that male sex, hypopyon at presentation, and high ESR are potential predictors for frequent relapse in HLA-B27-associated uveitis. Identifying patients at higher risk of relapse could provide important information for patients, allowing patients to understand their condition and increase their acceptance of strict management.

Keywords

Anterior uveitis ESR HLA-B27 Hypopyon Uveitis Relapse 

Notes

Funding

This research was supported by the Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF), funded by the Ministry of Education (2016R1A6A1A03010528).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee (name of institute/committee) and with the 1964 Helsinki Declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards. For this type of study, formal consent is not required.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mirinae Kim
    • 1
  • Yoon Seob Sim
    • 1
  • Seung Yong Choi
    • 1
  • Young-Hoon Park
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Science, Seoul St. Mary’s Hospital, College of MedicineThe Catholic University of KoreaSeoulRepublic of Korea
  2. 2.Catholic Institute for Visual Science, College of MedicineThe Catholic University of KoreaSeoulRepublic of Korea

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