Vascular and structural alterations of the choroid evaluated by optical coherence tomography angiography and optical coherence tomography after half-fluence photodynamic therapy in chronic central serous chorioretinopathy
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To concurrently evaluate the effect of half-fluence photodynamic therapy (hf PDT) on choriocapillaris (CC) perfusion and choroidal structure in chronic central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC).
This prospective study included 48 eyes of 41 patients with chronic CSC. Enhanced depth imaging optical coherence tomography and optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) images were analyzed. Choroidal area (CA), luminal area (LA), and stromal area (SA) were computed using Image J software.
One month after hf-PDT, total CA decreased to 1.312 mm2 from 1.490 mm2 (p < 0.001), LA decreased to 0.981 mm2 from 1.097 mm2 (p < 0.001), and SA decreased to 0.331 mm2 from 0.393 mm2 (p < 0.001). In OCTA, the CC flow in the eyes with CSC (17.75 mm2) was statistically significantly lower than the fellow eyes (18.93 mm2) at the baseline visit (p < 0.001). After hf-PDT, the flow in the choriocapillaris statistically significantly increased to 18.81 mm2 at the first month (p = 0.02).
OCTA proves that after hf-PDT a significant increase in CC perfusion occurred at first month. The decrease of the luminal areas in enhanced depth imaging optical coherence tomography is mainly due to a decrease in large-caliber vessels, which indicates that hf-PDT has an effect on larger choroidal vessels and spares CC flow.
KeywordsHalf-fluence photodynamic therapy Optical coherence tomography angiography Chronic central serous chorioretinopathy Choriocapillaris perfusion
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.
Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.
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