Persisent ocular hypertension following intravitreal ranibizumab
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To describe the occurrence of ocular hypertension in four patients following injection of ranibizumab intravitreally.
Four patients had high intraocular pressure after intravitreal ranibizumab 0.5 mg. Ocular hypertension occurred 1 month after the second ranibizumab injection in patients 1 and 3, and 1 month after the first ranibizumab in patient 2. In patient 4, it occurred several hours after the first ranibizumab injection. In all patients, the IOP increase was sustained across several visits, requiring control with topical glaucoma therapy, and in two cases the addition of a systemic carbonic anhydrase inhibitor. None of the patients had a previous history of glaucoma, ocular hypertension or IOP asymmetry and the IOP was as high as 30, 34, 46, and 50 mmHg in the four patients.
Severe and sustained ocular hypertension may occur after intravitreal ranibizumab. Although the mechanism of the pressure rise is unknown, all eyes in our series were controlled with medical therapy.
KeywordsIntraocular pressure Ranibizumab Intravitreal Lucentis Intravitreal Ocular hypertension Glaucoma Pressure increase Anti-VEGF
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