First experiences with high-density silicone oil (Densiron) as an intraocular tamponade in complex retinal detachment
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In this study, we evaluated the anatomic and functional outcome and intraocular adverse effects after a 3-month endotamponade with Densiron 68, a mixture of F6H8 with silicone oil, in complex inferior re-detachments.
Forty-eight eyes of 48 patients aged 27–82 years with retinal re-detachment due to proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR) grades CP1 to CA7 were included. Mean duration of the Densiron endotamponade was 108.7±66.9 days, with a mean follow-up after removal of 102.8±31.9 days.
Twenty-two patients (45.8%) showed stable retinal reattachment after Densiron removal. Fourteen patients (29.2%) developed retinal re-detachment after removal, generally within 1 month and in the upper circumference (n=8). In 11 patients (22.9%) recurrent re-detachment (inferior n=8) appeared during Densiron endotamponade. In one eye (2.1%) treatment was primarily unsuccessful. Visual acuity improved from mean logMAR 1.66±1.03 to 1.47±0.97 (not statistically significant, P=0.257). Side effects included temporary inflammatory reaction (n=10), fibrin accumulation (n=6), sterile hypopyon (n=2), vitreous hemorrhage (n=6), elevated IOP (n=5), emulsification (n=4) and chronic hypotony (n=4).
The anatomical success rate without further interventions of 45.8% (22 of 48 patients) seems unsatisfactory. However, in evaluating the potential of Densiron, it should be considered that all patients in this study had previous surgery with standard procedures, including silicone oil, which had already failed. Intraoperative laser photocoagulation of the periphery of the upper quadrants might reduce the risk of retinal re-detachments.
KeywordsRetinal detachment Proliferative vitreoretinopathy Heavy silicone oil Perfluorohexyloctane Ocular endotamponade
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