Visual improvement during psychophysical training in an adult amblyopic eye following visual loss in the contralateral eye
- First Online:
Recent publications have demonstrated neural plasticity in adult amblyopes subjected to psychophysical training based on perceptual learning. The purpose of this case report is to present rarely available prospective data of visual acuity development in a strabismic amblyope undergoing psychophysical training and pleoptic treatment after loss of function of the non-amblyopic eye.
The design is a prospective, observational and interventional case report. Visual acuity was tested monthly, with constant optical correction. The 60-year-old female patient participated in a psychophysical training implemented in our laboratory, and in pleoptic treatment.
Slow functional improvement of the amblyopic eye was observed during a period of 10 months, both in the tests used for training and in visual acuity: single optotypes increased by 4 chart lines, crowded optotypes by 2–3 lines.
To our knowledge, this is the first report of the new approach of perceptual learning in an adult amblyope after loss of vision in the contralateral eye. Our results represent further evidence that the visual system of adult amblyopes preserves a certain degree of neural plasticity, whether spontaneous or enhanced by training. Furthermore, that plasticity in adults is limited, and early diagnosis and treatment of amblyopia must remain the primary goal.