Journal of Neurology

, Volume 266, Issue 7, pp 1674–1684 | Cite as

Diagnosis strategy and Yacovino maneuver for anterior canal-benign paroxysmal positional vertigo

  • Xu YangEmail author
  • Xia Ling
  • Bo Shen
  • Yuan Hong
  • Kangzhi Li
  • Lihong Si
  • Ji-Soo Kim
Original Communication



To investigate the diagnosis strategy of anterior canal-benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (AC-BPPV) and the therapeutic effects of the Yacovino maneuver.


The clinical data of 40 AC-BPPV patients were collected. The nystagmus characteristics induced by the Dix–Hallpike (D–H) and straight head-hanging (SHH) tests, the diagnostic methods used, and the effectiveness of the Yacovino maneuver for the treatment of AC-BPPV were all retrospectively analyzed.


Among the 40 cases analyzed, 19 patients had simple AC-BPPV, 11 patients had AC-posterior canal BPPV, and 10 patients had AC-horizontal canal BPPV. D–H and SHH tests showed down-beating nystagmus in 26 and 33 patients, respectively, and showed down-beating and torsional nystagmus in 14 and 7 patients, respectively. AC-BPPV was diagnosed in 15 patients based on the presence of typical BPPV in other canals, in 9 patients based on typical disease history and the results of position tests, in 6 patients based on effectiveness of the treatment with the Yacovino maneuver, in 4 patients based on the treatment effectiveness and the presence of typical BPPV in other canals, in 3 patients based on the treatment effectiveness and the follow-up outcome, in 2 patients based on the typical BPPV in other canals and occurrence of canal conversion, and in 1 patient based on the treatment effectiveness and occurrence of canal conversion. Thirteen patients with canalolithiasis and four patients with cupulolithiasis were cured after the initial Yacovino maneuver treatment. Twenty-one patients with canalolithiasis and seven patients with cupulolithiasis were cured following 1 week of treatment.


The effectiveness of the Yacovino maneuver, the follow-up outcome, the presence of typical BPPV in other canals, and the occurrence of canal conversions contribute to AC-BPPV diagnosis. The Yacovino maneuver was found to be more effective in AC-BPPV patients with canalolithiasis than in those with cupulolithiasis.


Anterior semicircular canal Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo Nystagmus Diagnosis method Yacovino maneuver 



The study was supported by China Aerospace Science & Industry Corporation Medical and Health Scientific Research Project (Grant No. 2017-LCYL-006).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflicts of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

This study received approval from the Aerospace Center Hospital Ethics Committee and has been performed in accordance with the ethical standards laid down in the 1964 Declaration of Helsinki and its later amendments.

Informed consent

Written informed consent was obtained from each patient prior to inclusion in the study.

Supplementary material

415_2019_9312_MOESM1_ESM.mp4 (14.8 mb)
Online resource 1: The video of the Yacovino manoeuver (MP4 15,108 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xu Yang
    • 1
    Email author
  • Xia Ling
    • 1
  • Bo Shen
    • 2
  • Yuan Hong
    • 3
  • Kangzhi Li
    • 1
  • Lihong Si
    • 1
  • Ji-Soo Kim
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Neurology, Aerospace Center HospitalPeking University Aerospace School of Clinical MedicineBeijingPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Department of NeurologyThe First Affiliated Hospital of Jinzhou Medical UniversityJinzhouPeople’s Republic of China
  3. 3.Department of NeurologyPeking University Shougang HospitalBeijingPeople’s Republic of China
  4. 4.Department of Neurology, College of Medicine, Seoul National UniversitySeoul National University Bundang HospitalSeongnamSouth Korea

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