Does early postoperative drug regimen impact seizure control in patients undergoing temporal lobe resections?
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To evaluate the impact of postoperative antiepileptic drug (AED) load on seizure control in patients who underwent surgical treatment for pharmacoresistant mesiotemporal lobe epilepsy during the first two postoperative years.
Patients and methods
532 consecutive patients (48.7% males and 51.7% females) who underwent surgical treatment for mesiotemporal lobe epilepsy were retrospectively evaluated regarding effects of AED load on seizures control during the first 2 years following epilepsy surgery. We analyzed whether postoperative increases in postoperative AED load are associated with better seizure control in patients initially not seizure free, and if postoperative decreases in postoperative AED load would increase the risk for seizure persistence or recurrence. For statistical analyses, Fisher’s exact and Wilcoxon test were applied.
68.9, 64.0 and 59.1% of patients were completely seizure free (Engel Ia) at 3, 12 and 24 months after surgery, respectively. Patients in whom daily drug doses were increased did not have a higher rate of seizure freedom at any of the three follow-up periods. Of 16 patients achieving secondary seizure control at 12 months after surgery, only one did so with an increase in drug load in contrast to 15 patients who experienced a running down of seizures independent of drug load increases. Decreases in drug load did not significantly increase the risk for seizure recurrence. Of postoperatively seizure free patients at 3 months after surgery in whom AED were consequently reduced, 85% remained completely seizure free at 1 year and 76% at 1 year after surgery, respectively, as opposed to 86% each when AED was not reduced (differences n.s.). Mean daily drug load was significantly lower in seizure free patients at 12 and 24 months compared to patients with ongoing seizures.
In this large patient cohort stratified to the epilepsy syndrome neither did a postoperative reduction in drug load significantly increase the risk for seizure relapse nor did increases in drug dosages lead to improved seizure control. Mean drug load was on average lower in seizure free- than non-seizure free patients at 12 and 24 months of follow-up. Secondary seizure control after initial postoperative seizures in > 90% of cases occurred as a running down, independent of an AED increase. Thus, the effect of the surgical intervention rather than the postoperative drug regimen was the key determinant for seizure control. This finding supports a curative role of temporal lobe surgery rather than an effect rendering the majority of patients’ pharmacoresponsive with a critical role of the antiepileptic drug regime for seizure control.
KeywordsMesiotemporal lobe epilepsy surgery Postoperative antiepileptic drug treatment Seizure outcome
Compliance with ethical standards
This research did not receive any specific Grant from funding agencies in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.
Conflicts of interest
There are no conflicts of interest.
This study was approved by the local ethic committee of the University of Freiburg (EK-Freiburg 263/14).
The present manuscript has not been submitted for publication elsewhere and will not be submitted elsewhere while under consideration for this journal.
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