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Journal of Neurology

, Volume 263, Issue 8, pp 1661–1662 | Cite as

A painted staircase illusion to alleviate freezing of gait in Parkinson’s disease

  • Sabine JanssenEmail author
  • Mileha Soneji
  • Jorik Nonnekes
  • Bastiaan R. Bloem
Letter to the Editors

Keywords

Levodopa Augmented Reality Supplementary Motor Area Gait Initiation Atypical Parkinsonism 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgments

Prof. Bas Bloem was supported by a research grant of the National Parkinson Foundation. Sabine Janssen was supported by a research grant from the Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research. Neither of these funding sources has had any influence on the preparation, review or approval of this manuscript.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflicts of interest

Sabine Janssen was supported by a research grant from the Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research. This funding source has had no influence on the preparation, review or approval of this manuscript. Sabine Janssen declares to have no conflicts of interests. Mileha Soneji declares to have no conflicts of interests. Jorik Nonnekes declares to have no conflicts of interests. Prof. Bas Bloem was supported by a research grant of the National Parkinson Foundation. This funding source has had no influence on the preparation, review or approval of this manuscript. Bas Bloem declares to have no conflicts of interests.

Ethical standard

All human studies must state that they have been approved by the appropriate ethics committee and have therefore been performed in accordance with the ethical standards laid down in the 1964 Declaration of Helsinki.

Supplementary material

Video 1: A 60-year-old man with Parkinson’s disease and severely disabling freezing of gait. (MP4 3751 kb)

Video 2: The same patient demonstrating a preserved ability to climb stairs. (MP4 5639 kb)

Video 3: Demonstration of a painted three-dimensional staircase illusion alleviating freezing of gait. (MP4 9916 kb)

References

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    Nonnekes J, Snijders AH, Nutt JG, Deuschl G, Giladi N, Bloem BR (2015) Freezing of gait: a practical approach to management. Lancet Neurol 14(7):768–778. doi: 10.1016/S1474-4422(15)00041-1 CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
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    Snijders AH, Jeene P, Nijkrake MJ, Abdo WF, Bloem BR (2012) Cueing for freezing of gait: a need for 3-dimensional cues? Neurologist 18(6):404–405. doi: 10.1097/NRL.0b013e31826a99d1 CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Biomedical Signals and Systems Group, MIRA Institute for Biomedical Technology and Technical MedicineUniversity of TwenteEnschedeThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Department of NeurologyDonders Institute for Brain, Cognition and Behaviour, Radboud University Medical CentreNijmegenThe Netherlands
  3. 3.VanBerloEindhovenThe Netherlands
  4. 4.Department of RehabilitationDonders Institute for Brain, Cognition and Behaviour, Radboud University Medical CentreNijmegenThe Netherlands

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