Hartwig Kuhlenbeck (1897–1984)
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It is often held that the distribution of knowledge within scientific communities is related to a deep acquaintance of professors with the most advanced research methods of their field. This is particularly true for the expulsion of German-speaking neuroscientists during the Nazi period, when certain areas of neurology were rejected as instances of “Jewish science” . The attacks of party officials on progressive neuroscientists eventually led to the expulsion of up to one-third of the field’s leading researchers . The scientific exodus from the German-speaking countries allows for a prosopographical approach that goes beyond accessing a plenitude of biographies, institutional, and clinical histories, yet allows insights into the knowledge transfer occurring after the reintegration of differing communities into the growing neuroscientific culture across the Atlantic .
KeywordsBrain Death Mount Sinai Hospital Interwar Period Anatomy Laboratory Dark Time
I am grateful for support from the Mackie Family Collection in the History of Neuroscience, the Hotchkiss Brain Institute, the O’Brien Institute for Public Health (all: Calgary), and acknowledge the support of the Ethics Office of the Canadian Institutes of Health Research as well as an Open Operating Grant (no/EOG-123690) from CIHR. I graciously thank Mr. Matt Herbison (Drexel University, College of Medicine, Archives and Special Collections) for his kind assistance, as well as Mr. Brenan Smith (Calgary) for the adjustment of the English language of this article.
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflicts of interest
The corresponding author states that there is no conflict of interest.
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