Journal of Neurology

, Volume 262, Issue 10, pp 2399–2400 | Cite as

Tatsuji Inouye (1881–1976)

  • Alexander P. Leff
Pioneers in Neurology

Tatsuji Inouye (1881–1976) was the first person to delineate accurately the cortical representation of visual space in humans. Inouye’s father, who was descended from a long line of Japanese physicians, founded the Inouye Eye Hospital in Tokyo in 1884 which continues to bear the family name. Tatsuji was head of this hospital from 1909 to 1963 when he was succeeded by his son and, more recently, his grandson.

Inouye studied medicine at Tokyo University (MD 1904) and joined the staff of the Ophthalmology department under Jujiro Komoto, then a leading ophthalmologist in Japan [2]. The following year Inouye was ordered to serve as a medical officer in the Russo-Japanese War (1904–1905). His assignment was to evaluate visual loss in wounded soldiers to determine the value of their pensions. The Russians were using a new rifle (the Moisin Nagent) that fired a small calibre, relatively high-velocity bullet. Some Japanese soldiers survived being hit by these projectiles in the back of their...


Striate Cortex Left Visual Field Cortical Representation Lower Visual Field Foveal Vision 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Conflicts of interest

The author states that there is no conflict of interest.


  1. 1.
    Ferrier D (1876) The functions of the brain. Smith, Elder, LondonGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Glickstein M, Whitteridge D (1987) Tatsuji Inouye and the mapping of the visual fields on the human cerebral cortex. TINS 10:350–353Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Henschen SE (1890) Klinische und anatomische beitrage zur pathologie des gehirns (pt 1). Almquist and WiksellGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Holmes G, Lister WT (1916) Disturbances of vision from cerebral lesions, with special reference to the cortical representation of the macula. Brain 39:34–73CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Inouye T (1909) Die sehstorungen bei schussverletzungen der kortikalen sehsphare nach beobachtungen an versundeten der letzten japanische kriege. W. EngelmannGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Inouye T (2000) Visual disturbances following gunshot wounds of the cortical visual area. Oxford University Press, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Jokl DHK, Hiyama F (2007) Tatsuji Inouye—topographer of the visual cortex. Exemplar of the Germany-Japan ophthalmic legacy of the Meiji era. Neuro Ophthalmol 31:33–43CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Leff A (2004) A historical review of the representation of the visual field in primary visual cortex with special reference to the neural mechanisms underlying macular sparing. Brain Lang 88:268–278CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Munk H (1881) Uber die funktionen der grosshirnrinde. In: Hirschwald A (ed). BerlinGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Spalding JM (1952) Wounds of the visual pathway. Part II. The striate cortex. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 15:169–183PubMedCentralCrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Brain Repair and Rehabilitation, Institute of NeurologyUniversity College LondonLondonUK
  2. 2.Institute of Cognitive NeuroscienceUniversity College LondonLondonUK

Personalised recommendations