Testing the validity of a set of diagnostic criteria for sensory neuronopathies: a francophone collaborative study
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There are no validated criteria for the diagnosis of sensory neuronopathy (SNN) yet. In a preliminary monocenter study a set of criteria relying on clinical and electrophysiological data showed good sensitivity and specificity for a diagnosis of probable SNN. The aim of this study was to test these criteria on a French multicenter study. 210 patients with sensory neuropathies from 15 francophone reference centers for neuromuscular diseases were included in the study with an expert diagnosis of non-SNN, SNN or suspected SNN according to the investigations performed in these centers. Diagnosis was obtained independently from the set of criteria to be tested. The expert diagnosis was taken as the reference against which the proposed SNN criteria were tested. The set relied on clinical and electrophysiological data easily obtainable with routine investigations. 9/61 (16.4 %) of non-SNN patients, 23/36 (63.9 %) of suspected SNN, and 102/113 (90.3 %) of SNN patients according to the expert diagnosis were classified as SNN by the criteria. The SNN criteria tested against the expert diagnosis in the SNN and non-SNN groups had 90.3 % (102/113) sensitivity, 85.2 % (52/61) specificity, 91.9 % (102/111) positive predictive value, and 82.5 % (52/63) negative predictive value. Discordance between the expert diagnosis and the SNN criteria occurred in 20 cases. After analysis of these cases, 11 could be reallocated to a correct diagnosis in accordance with the SNN criteria. The proposed criteria may be useful for the diagnosis of probable SNN in patients with sensory neuropathy. They can be reached with simple clinical and paraclinical investigations.
KeywordsSensory neuronopathy Sensory ganglionopathy Sensory neuropathy Paraneoplastic neurological syndrome Diagnostic criteria
Conflicts of interest
This study was supported by a grant from the French Ministry of Health (PHRC Inter-Regional 2006 and 2010 API 28-01). None of the authors have financial relationship with the organization that sponsored the research.
The study was approved by the Ethics Committee of the University Hospital of Saint-Etienne, France. For patients seen before 2011 being a retrospective non interventional study informed consent was not necessary while patients seen from 2011 onward signed an informed consent.
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