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Journal of Neurology

, Volume 261, Issue 1, pp 229–231 | Cite as

Five keys for diagnosing most vertigo, dizziness, and imbalance syndromes: an expert opinion

  • Thomas BrandtEmail author
  • Michael Strupp
  • Marianne Dieterich
Letter to the Editors

Dear Sirs,

The International Bárány Society for Neuro-Otology recently published a consensus document on how to classify vestibular disorders: vertigo is the sensation of self-motion when no self-motion is occurring; dizziness is the sensation of disturbed or impaired spatial orientation without a false or distorted sense of motion; and imbalance or unsteadiness is the feeling of being unstable while seated, standing, or walking without a particular directional preference [ 1]. A diagnosis of vertigo, dizziness, and imbalance syndromes requires first of all a careful patient history. On the basis of our experience in the German Center for Vertigo and Balance Disorders, we find that five different categories with the following key symptoms provide a reliable and practical diagnostic guide for the general neurologist and others who manage dizzy patients:
1.

Paroxysmal positional vertigo

(benign paroxysmal positional vertigo > central positional vertigo and/or nystagmus)

2.

Spontaneous...

Keywords

Posterior Inferior Cerebellar Artery Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus Vestibular Neuritis Vestibular Migraine 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgments

We thank Judy Benson for copy-editing the manuscript. The work was supported by the German Ministry of Education and Research and the Hertie Foundation.

Conflicts of interest

The three authors declare no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Thomas Brandt
    • 1
    Email author
  • Michael Strupp
    • 2
  • Marianne Dieterich
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute for Clinical Neurosciences and German Center for Vertigo and Balance DisordersLudwig-Maximilians UniversityMunichGermany
  2. 2.Department of Neurology and German Center for Vertigo and Balance DisordersLudwig-Maximilians UniversityMunichGermany

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