Journal of Neurology

, Volume 259, Issue 3, pp 595–596 | Cite as

Leonid Ivanovich Omorokov (1881–1971)

  • Enver I. Bogdanov
  • Ravil Z. Mukhamedzyanov
  • Alexey S. Sozinov
  • Joel A. Vilensky
Pioneers in Neurology

Epilepsia partialis continua (EPC), also known as Kozhevnikov epilepsy (KE), was first described by A.Ya. Kozhevnikov (the father of Russian neurology) at the Moscow Neurological and Psychiatric Society meeting on 21 January 1894 as “A Particular Type of Cortical Epilepsy”, based on four cases [3, 10]. However, a subsequent but important early description of the condition was given in 1921 by L.I. Omorokov who in 1917 had become chair of the Department of Neurology at Tomsk University. He reported his findings to the same society 27 years after Kozhinikov, on the basis of 42 cases of EPC from the literature and 27 EPC patients he saw at his Siberian Clinic. Omorokov [5, 6, 8] reported that the disease usually began in childhood and affected mainly males (see also English translation of the 1922 article [1]). Furthermore, on the basis of neuropathological analyses, he agreed with Kozhenikov that the seizures had a cortical origin, which is in keeping with modern studies [7]. Omorokov [8...


Status Epilepticus Peripheral Nerve Regeneration Encephalitis Lethargica Introductory Textbook Consultant Neurologist 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Enver I. Bogdanov
    • 1
  • Ravil Z. Mukhamedzyanov
    • 1
  • Alexey S. Sozinov
    • 1
  • Joel A. Vilensky
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of NeurologyKazan State Medical UniversityKazanRussia
  2. 2.Department of Anatomy and Cell BiologyIndiana University School of MedicineFort WayneUSA

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