Kashmiris phylogenetic depictions through uniparental and biparental genetic markers

  • Rukhsana PerveenEmail author
  • Ahmad Ali Shahid
  • Muhammad Shafique
  • Muhammad Shehzad
  • Muhammad Akram
Population Data


In this study, the Kashmiri population was genetically screened for fifteen autosomal STRs, seventeen Y-chromosomal STRs and mitochondrial DNA control region SNPs. Autosomal STRs exhibited that D2S1338 was the most discriminatory locus with value of 0.963 whereas combine power of discrimination was 0.999999999999999. On the other hand, analysis of Y-chromosomal STRs generated 59 distinct haplotypes of which 52 were unique with haplotype diversity value of 0.99752. Mitochondrial D-loop analysis resulted that haplogroups M and U were found most prevalent with 25% each. Haplotypic data of Y-STRs was submitted to YHRD under accession number YA004153 whereas mitochondrial DNA control region (CR) sequences were submitted to EMPOP with accession number EMP00683.


Autosomal STRs Y-haplotypes Mitochondrial DNA Control region Haplogroups Kashmiri population 


Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rukhsana Perveen
    • 1
    Email author
  • Ahmad Ali Shahid
    • 2
  • Muhammad Shafique
    • 2
  • Muhammad Shehzad
    • 1
  • Muhammad Akram
    • 1
  1. 1.Forensic DNA Typing Laboratory, Centre for Applied Molecular BiologyUniversity of the PunjabLahorePakistan
  2. 2.Forensic DNA Research Laboratory, Centre of Excellence in Molecular BiologyUniversity of the PunjabLahorePakistan

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