International Journal of Legal Medicine

, Volume 132, Issue 6, pp 1641–1644 | Cite as

Phylogenetic analysis and forensic evaluation among Rakhine, Marma, Hajong, and Manipuri tribes from four culturally defined regions of Bangladesh using 17 Y-chromosomal STRs

  • Mahamud Hasan
  • Abu Sufian
  • Pilu Momtaz
  • Ashish Kumar Mazumder
  • Jabedul Alam Khondaker
  • Saikat Bhattacharjee
  • Kanchan Chakma
  • Sharif Akhteruzzaman
Population Data


We have analyzed haplotypes for 17 Y chromosomal STR loci in Bangladeshi mainstream Bengali population and four largest ethnic groups inhabiting the North-Eastern and Southern region of Bangladesh using AmpFlSTR® Yfiler® PCR amplification systems. A total of 667 haplotypes from Bangladeshi Bangali, 157 from Rakhine, 144 from Marma, 112 from Hajong, and 136 from Manipuri individuals were observed with corresponding discrimination capacity (DC) of 0.973 for Bengali, 0.723 for Rakhine, 0.743 for Marma, 0.794 for Hajong, and 0.720 for Manipuri groups, respectively. In order to investigate genetic relationship and the pattern of paternal contributions of the studied population, a comparison of the studied data with the published data from Y-STR haplotype reference database (YHRD) was conducted based on analysis of molecular variance (AMOVA). Construction of neighbour-joining tree revealed that the Rakhine population lies closer to a clade consisting, Korean and Japanese population. The Hajong population showed close affinity with Riang (Tripura, India) tribe followed by Marma population. On the other hand, Manipuri group is closely related to Thai population followed by Tamil and mainstream Bengali population.


STR Y-chromosome Haplotype Population Bangladeshi 



This study was supported by the Multi-Sectoral Program on Violence Against Women (MSPVAW), Ministry of Women and Children Affairs, Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh. We would also like to extend our thanks to all the contributors in this study, including donors and school teachers.

Compliance with ethical standards

Blood and buccal swab samples were collected from randomly selected unrelated male individual populations with written informed consent following procedures that are in accordance with Helsinki declaration of 1975, revised in 1983. This study was approved by the Ethical Review Committee, Faculty of Biological Sciences, University of Dhaka.

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

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Table S6 (DOC 67 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mahamud Hasan
    • 1
  • Abu Sufian
    • 1
  • Pilu Momtaz
    • 1
  • Ashish Kumar Mazumder
    • 1
  • Jabedul Alam Khondaker
    • 1
  • Saikat Bhattacharjee
    • 2
  • Kanchan Chakma
    • 2
  • Sharif Akhteruzzaman
    • 3
  1. 1.National Forensic DNA Profiling LaboratoryDhaka Medical College CampusDhakaBangladesh
  2. 2.Department of Biochemistry and Molecular BiologyUniversity of ChittagongChittagongBangladesh
  3. 3.Department of Genetic Engineering and BiotechnologyUniversity of DhakaDhakaBangladesh

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