International Journal of Legal Medicine

, Volume 132, Issue 1, pp 137–138 | Cite as

Population data of 17 Y-STRs (Yfiler) from Punjabis and Kashmiris of Pakistan

  • Atif Adnan
  • Allah RakhaEmail author
  • Anum Noor
  • Mannis van Oven
  • Arwin Ralf
  • Manfred Kayser
Population Data


Pakistan harbors 16 major ethnic groups including Punjabis (56% of total population) and Kashmiri (6% of total population). Here, we report data of 17 Y-chromosomal short tandem repeats (Y-STRs) genotyped with the AmpFlSTR Y-filer™ PCR Amplification kit in 94 Punjabis and 101 Kashmiris. The estimated haplotype diversity was higher in Punjabis (0.996) than that in Kashmiris (0.983). Furthermore, we performed population genetic analyses by including data from six other Pakistani groups. The presented haplotype data were recently included in the Y-Chromosome Haplotype Reference Database (YHRD) for future forensic and other usage.


Haplotype Punjabi Kashmiri Forensic YHRD Pakistan 



This study was financially supported by the Erasmus MC University Medical Center Rotterdam and Higher Education Commission of Pakistan Grant No. 20-2736/NRPU/R&D/HEC/12.

Compliance with ethical standards

Blood samples were collected from unrelated individuals of known ethnic origin and family history with informed consent, after approval by the ethical review committee of the University of Health Sciences, Lahore.

Supplementary material

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Figure S1 (DOCX 156 kb)
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Table S1 (DOCX 18 kb)
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Table S2 (DOCX 33 kb)
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Table S3 (DOCX 52 kb)
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Table S4 (DOCX 19 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Atif Adnan
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Allah Rakha
    • 2
    Email author
  • Anum Noor
    • 4
  • Mannis van Oven
    • 1
  • Arwin Ralf
    • 1
  • Manfred Kayser
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Genetic IdentificationErasmus MC University Medical CenterRotterdamThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Department of Forensic SciencesUniversity of Health SciencesLahorePakistan
  3. 3.Department of Forensic Genetics, School of Forensic MedicineChina Medical UniversityShenyangPeople’s Republic of China
  4. 4.University of Veterinary and Animal SciencesLahorePakistan

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