International Journal of Legal Medicine

, Volume 131, Issue 1, pp 113–114 | Cite as

Genetic portrait of Majhi tribe of Chhattisgarh, India based on 15 autosomal STRs and 23 Y-STRs

  • Toshi Jain
  • Pankaj Shrivastava
  • Veena Ben Trivedi
Population Data


The aim of this study was to contribute new data on autosomal STR and Y-STR markers of the Majhi tribal community of Chhattisgarh, a state of central India. In order to improve available databases of forensic interest, we analyzed 15 autosomal STR markers in a population sample of 129 unrelated indigenous Majhi tribe and 23 Y-chromosomal STR markers in the 107 males of the sample. The combined power of discrimination (CPD) and combined power of exclusion (CPE) were greater than 0.999999 and 0.999998 respectively for autosomal STRs. In addition, a total of 64 distinct Y-STR haplotypes were observed out of which 31 Y-STR haplotypes were observed only once. The haplotypes diversity and discrimination capacity for 23 Y-STR loci was 0.989 and 0.589, respectively. The highest gene diversity values at the single copy locus DYS570 and the multi-copy locus DYS385 a/b were 0.805 and 0.952, respectively. Average gene diversity over loci was 0.652304 ± 0.325572.


Autosomal STR Forensic Majhi Population data Y-STR 



Authors gratefully acknowledge the kind support of Mr. Kuldeep Kujur and Dr. Ravindra Sirmour, State Forensic Science Laboratory, Raipur, Chhattisgarh during sample collection and initial processing as well as Promega (India) for providing genotyping kit used in the study. Authors are also thankful to the Director, State Forensic Science Laboratory, Sagar (MP) for providing laboratory facility.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Toshi Jain
    • 1
  • Pankaj Shrivastava
    • 1
  • Veena Ben Trivedi
    • 1
  1. 1.DNA Fingerprinting UnitState Forensic Science LaboratorySagarIndia

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