International Journal of Legal Medicine

, Volume 125, Issue 2, pp 315–321 | Cite as

Accuracy of Cameriere, Haavikko, and Willems radiographic methods on age estimation on Bosnian–Herzegovian children age groups 6–13

  • Ivan Galić
  • Marin Vodanović
  • Roberto Cameriere
  • Enita Nakaš
  • Elizabeta Galić
  • Edin Selimović
  • Hrvoje Brkić
Short Communication


The aim of this cross-sectional study was to compare the accuracy of the Cameriere European formula (Cameriere), adopted Haavikko method from 1974 (Haavikko), and revisited Demirjian method by Willems (Willems) for age estimation on orthopantomograms (OPGs) of Bosnian–Herzegovian (BH) children age groups 6–13 years. The accuracy was determined as difference between estimated dental age (DA) and chronological age (CA) and the absolute accuracy (absolute difference) was assessed by analyzing OPGs of 591 girls and 498 boys. The Cameriere method overestimated the mean age by 0.09 year for girls and underestimated by −0.02 year for boys. The Haavikko method underestimated the mean age by −0.29 year for girls and −0.09 year for boys. The Willems method overestimated the mean age by 0.24 year in girls and by 0.42 year in boys. The absolute accuracies were 0.53 year for girls and 0.55 year for boys for Cameriere method; for Haavikko method, 0.59 year for girls and 0.62 year for boys; and for Willems method 0.69 year for girls and 0.67 year for boys. In conclusion, Cameriere method is the most accurate for estimating the age of BH children age groups 6–13 years using OPGs, following adopted Haavikko method and Willems method.


Forensic dentistry Age estimation Bosnia and Herzegovina Cameriere method Haavikko method Willems method 



This research was supported by the Ministry of Science, Education and Sports of the Republic of Croatia; Grant No. 065-0650445-0423 (Human dentition in forensic and archeological researches) and Erasmus Mundus External Cooperation Window Project Basileus—Balkans Academic Scheme for the Internationalization of Learning in cooperation with EU universities.

Supplementary material

414_2010_515_MOESM1_ESM.doc (77 kb)
Supplementary Table S1 Girls—the mean differences in years (DA–CA) between the dental age (DA) and the chronological age (CA), for each method and age group (DOC 98 kb)
414_2010_515_MOESM2_ESM.doc (78 kb)
Supplementary Table S2 Boys—the mean differences in years (DA–CA) between the dental age (DA) and the chronological age (CA), for each method and age group (DOC 98 kb)
414_2010_515_MOESM3_ESM.doc (94 kb)
Supplementary Table S3 The mean absolute difference in years (AD) between the dental and the chronological age for each method and age group (DOC 122 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ivan Galić
    • 1
  • Marin Vodanović
    • 1
  • Roberto Cameriere
    • 2
  • Enita Nakaš
    • 3
  • Elizabeta Galić
    • 4
  • Edin Selimović
    • 5
  • Hrvoje Brkić
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Dental Anthropology, School of Dental MedicineUniversity of ZagrebZagrebCroatia
  2. 2.AgEstimation Project, Institute of Legal MedicineUniversity of MacerataMacerataItaly
  3. 3.Department of Orthodontics, School of Dental MedicineUniversity of SarajevoSarajevoBosnia and Herzegovina
  4. 4.School of Dental MedicineUniversity of ZagrebZagrebCroatia
  5. 5.Faculty of HealthUniversity of ZenicaZenicaBosnia and Herzegovina

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