International Journal of Legal Medicine

, Volume 124, Issue 5, pp 363–370 | Cite as

Y-STR variation in Albanian populations: implications on the match probabilities and the genetic legacy of the minority claiming an Egyptian descent

  • Gianmarco Ferri
  • Sergio Tofanelli
  • Milena Alù
  • Luca Taglioli
  • Erjon Radheshi
  • Beatrice Corradini
  • Giorgio Paoli
  • Cristian Capelli
  • Giovanni Beduschi
ORIGINAL ARTICLE

Abstract

Y chromosome variation at 12 STR (the Powerplex® Y system core set) and 18 binary markers was investigated in two major (the Ghegs and the Tosks) and two minor (the Gabels and the Jevgs) populations from Albania (Southern Balkans). The large proportion of haplotypes shared within and between groups makes the Powerplex 12-locus set inadequate to ensure a suitable power of discrimination for the forensic practice. At least 85% of Y lineages in the Jevgs, the cultural minority claiming an Egyptian descent, turned out to be of either Roma or Balkan ancestry. They also showed unequivocal signs of a common genetic history with the Gabels, the other Albanian minority practising social and cultural Roma traditions.

Keywords

Albania Ethnic minorities Y chromosome lineages Y-SNP haplogroups Y-STR haplotypes 

Supplementary material

414_2010_432_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (17 kb)
Table S1Haplotype and haplogroup frequency distribution of the 12 Y-STRs and SNPs in four Albanian populations (PDF 16 kb)
414_2010_432_MOESM2_ESM.xls (44 kb)
Table S2Haplotype sharing (HS), statistical significance of pairwise RST distances, and haplotype diversity (HD) for seven and 12 Y-STR loci in the examined Albanians and other European populations (XLS 44 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gianmarco Ferri
    • 1
  • Sergio Tofanelli
    • 2
  • Milena Alù
    • 1
  • Luca Taglioli
    • 2
  • Erjon Radheshi
    • 1
  • Beatrice Corradini
    • 1
  • Giorgio Paoli
    • 2
  • Cristian Capelli
    • 3
  • Giovanni Beduschi
    • 1
  1. 1.Section of Legal Medicine, Department of Diagnostic and Laboratory Services and Legal MedicineUniversity of Modena and Reggio EmiliaModenaItaly
  2. 2.Department of BiologyAnthropology Unit, University of PisaPisaItaly
  3. 3.Department of ZoologyUniversity of OxfordOxfordUK

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