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International Journal of Legal Medicine

, Volume 120, Issue 1, pp 49–52 | Cite as

Age estimation in children by measurement of open apices in teeth

  • Roberto CameriereEmail author
  • Luigi Ferrante
  • Mariano Cingolani
Technical Note

Abstract

This paper concerns a method for estimating the age of children based on their teeth. The sample consisted of 455 Italian white children (213 boys, 242 girls) aged between 5 and 15 years. The purpose of the present investigation was to present a method for assessing chronological age based on the relationship between age and measurement of the open apices in teeth. Pearson’s correlation coefficients between age and these variables showed that the correlations between age and the open apices in teeth were significant and negative. Furthermore, gender and the number of teeth with the apical end of the root canals completely closed (N 0) showed a significant correlation with chronological age. With the aid of a stepwise multiple regression model, a linear relationship between open apices, N 0, and age was shown. Statistical analysis indicated that these morphological variables explain 83.6% of the variations in estimated chronological age. The median of residual errors between the actual and estimated ages was −0.035 years [interquartile range (IQR)=1.18 years].

Keywords

Forensic age estimation Open apices Mineralization Multiple regression 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Roberto Cameriere
    • 1
    Email author
  • Luigi Ferrante
    • 2
  • Mariano Cingolani
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Legal MedicineMacerataItaly
  2. 2.Institute of Biochemical Biotechnologies Faculty of MedicinePolytechnical University of MarchesAnconaItaly

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