Assignment of linkage groups to pea chromosomes after karyotyping and gene mapping by fluorescent in situ hybridization
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Chromosomes of the pea (Pisum sativum L.) were submitted to fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) with probes specific for the oligonucleotides (AG)12, (AC)12, (GAA)10, and (GATA)7 and for the genes encoding 25S rRNA, 5S rRNA and the storage proteins legumin A, K and vicilin. A fourth 5S rRNA gene locus, apparently specific for an accession of the cultivar Grüne Victoria, was newly detected. This allowed all seven chromosome pairs to be distinguished by FISH signals of rRNA genes. The same was possible using a combination of oligonucleotide probes or of oligonucleotides and rRNA gene-specific probes in multicolour FISH. Rehybridization with the 5S rRNA gene-specific probe allowed us to assign vicilin genes to the short arm of chromosome 5, the single legumin A locus to the long arm of chromosome 3 and the legumin B-type genes (exemplified by legumin K) to one locus on the short arm of chromosome 6. Correlation of these data with an updated version of the pea genetic map allowed the assignment of most linkage groups to defined chromosomes. It only remains to be established which of linkage groups IV and VII corresponds to the satellited chromosomes 4 or 7, respectively.
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