Chromosoma

, Volume 112, Issue 4, pp 207–211 | Cite as

Multiregional origin of B chromosomes in the grasshopper Eyprepocnemis plorans

  • J. Cabrero
  • M. Bakkali
  • A. Bugrov
  • E. Warchalowska-Sliwa
  • M. D. López-León
  • F. Perfectti
  • J. P. M. Camacho
Research Article

Abstract

Analysis of chromosome localization of three molecular markers, 18S-5.8S-28S rDNA, 5S rDNA and a 180 bp satDNA, showed that B chromosomes in the grasshopper Eyprepocnemis plorans originated independently in Eastern (Caucasus) and Western (Spain and Morocco) populations. Eastern B chromosomes are most likely derived from the smallest autosome, which is the only A chromosome carrying the three markers, in coincidence with Caucasian B chromosomes. Western B chromosomes, however, lack 5S rDNA and are most likely derived from the X chromosome, which is the only A chromosome carrying the two remaining markers, always in the same order with respect to the centromere, as the B chromosome.

Notes

Acknowledgements

This study was supported by grants from the Spanish Ministerio de Ciencia y Tecnología (BOS2000-1521) and Plan Andaluz de Investigación, Grupo no. CVI-165.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Cabrero
    • 1
  • M. Bakkali
    • 4
  • A. Bugrov
    • 2
  • E. Warchalowska-Sliwa
    • 3
  • M. D. López-León
    • 1
  • F. Perfectti
    • 1
  • J. P. M. Camacho
    • 1
  1. 1.Departamento de GenéticaUniversidad de Granada18071 GranadaSpain
  2. 2.Institute of Systematics and Ecology of AnimalsSiberian Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences630091 NovosibirskRussia
  3. 3.Department of Experimental Zoology, Institute of Systematics and Evolution of AnimalsPolish Academy of Sciences31-016 KrakówPoland
  4. 4.Department of ZoologyUniversity of British ColumbiaVancouverCanada

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