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A study of the protective actions for a hypothetical accident of the Bushehr nuclear power plant at different meteorological conditions

  • R. AhangariEmail author
  • O. Noori-Kalkhoran
Original Article
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Abstract

In this work, protective actions have been studied assuming a hypothetical severe accident of the Bushehr nuclear power plant at different meteorological conditions. Simulations of the atmospheric dispersion of accidental airborne releases were performed using the RASCAL code. Total effective dose equivalent (TEDE) and thyroid dose received by members of the public living within a radius of 40 km around the reactor site were calculated for various atmospheric stability classes and weather conditions. According to the results of the dose assessment and by following the protective action guide of the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), the critical zone and appropriate protective actions were determined depending on various metrological conditions. It was found that, for atmospheric stability class F and calm weather conditions, the maximum distance from the site of release for which TEDE is greater than the corresponding dose limit and for which sheltering or evacuation response actions are required, is 11 km. For the same weather conditions, the corresponding maximum distance for which iodine prophylaxis is required is 32 km. Based on the present simulations, it can be concluded that the metrological condition has a great influence on the radionuclide atmospheric dispersion and, consequently, on the critical zone where protective actions are required after the assumed accident condition.

Keywords

Protective actions Severe nuclear accident Meteorological conditions Atmospheric dispersion Dose assessment 

Notes

References

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Nuclear Science and Technology Research Institute (NSTRI)TehranIran
  2. 2.Faculty of EngineeringShahid Beheshti UniversityTehranIran

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