Radiation and Environmental Biophysics

, Volume 49, Issue 4, pp 509–530 | Cite as

Radionuclide transfer to reptiles

  • Michael D. Wood
  • Nicholas A. Beresford
  • Dmitry V. Semenov
  • Tamara L. Yankovich
  • David Copplestone
Review

Abstract

Reptiles are an important, and often protected, component of many ecosystems but have rarely been fully considered within ecological risk assessments (ERA) due to a paucity of data on contaminant uptake and effects. This paper presents a meta-analysis of literature-derived environmental media (soil and water) to whole-body concentration ratios (CRs) for predicting the transfer of 35 elements (Am, As, B, Ba, Ca, Cd, Ce, Cm, Co, Cr, Cs, Cu, Fe, Hg, K, La, Mg, Mn, Mo, Na, Ni, Pb, Po, Pu, Ra, Rb, Sb, Se, Sr, Th, U, V, Y, Zn, Zr) to reptiles in freshwater ecosystems and 15 elements (Am, C, Cs, Cu, K, Mn, Ni, Pb, Po, Pu, Sr, Tc, Th, U, Zn) to reptiles in terrestrial ecosystems. These reptile CRs are compared with CRs for other vertebrate groups. Tissue distribution data are also presented along with data on the fractional mass of bone, kidney, liver and muscle in reptiles. Although the data were originally collected for use in radiation dose assessments, many of the CR data presented in this paper will also be useful for chemical ERA and for the assessments of dietary transfer in humans for whom reptiles constitute an important component of the diet, such as in Australian aboriginal communities.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael D. Wood
    • 1
  • Nicholas A. Beresford
    • 2
  • Dmitry V. Semenov
    • 3
  • Tamara L. Yankovich
    • 4
  • David Copplestone
    • 5
  1. 1.School of Environmental Sciences, Nicholson BuildingUniversity of LiverpoolLiverpool, MerseysideUK
  2. 2.Centre for Ecology & HydrologyLancaster Environment Centre, Library AvenueBailrigg, Lancaster, LancashireUK
  3. 3.A.N. Severtsov Institute of Ecology and EvolutionRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia
  4. 4.AREVA Resources Canada IncSaskatoonCanada
  5. 5.Environment AgencyLatchford, Warrington, CheshireUK

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