Alterations in the cell cycle and in the protein level of cyclin D1, p21CIP1, and p16INK4a after exposure to 50 Hz MF in human cells
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The effect of exposure to 50 Hz, 1 mT magnetic fields (MF) on the cell cycle in general, on the DNA synthesis in S-phase, and on the G1-phase regulating proteins Cdk4, cyclin D1, p16INK4a, and p21CIP1 was investigated in human amniotic fluid cells. The BrdU-incorporation assay revealed a significant diminution of S-phase cells in MF-exposed cultures. The protein level of Cdk4 did not change, but MF induced a decreased expression of cyclin D1 after 24 h and 30 h exposures. The level of p16INK4a increased at 1 h and 12 h after exposure, whereas the expression of p21CIP1 was enhanced at 6 h and 12 h after exposure. Reduced levels of both Cdk inhibitors were observed at longer exposure times (24 h, 30 h). Our results suggest an inhibitory effect of MF on the G1-phase induced by altered expression of p16INK4a and p21CIP1.
KeywordsMagnetic Field APAP Normal Human Fibroblast Magnetic Field Exposure Amniotic Fluid Cell
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