Volatile element zonation in Campanian Ignimbrite magmas (Phlegrean Fields, Italy): evidence from the study of glass inclusions and matrix glasses
- 176 Downloads
The distribution of H2O, F, Cl and S in the Campanian Ignimbrite (CI) magma chamber was investigated through study of primary glass inclusions and matrix glasses from pumices of the Plinian fall deposit. The eruption, fed by trachytic to phono-trachytic magmas, mainly produced a trachytic non-welded to partially welded tuff, underlain by a minor cogenetic fallout deposit. The entire chemical variability of the eruptive products is well represented in the pumices of the Plinian fall deposit, which we divide into a basal Lower Fall Unit (LFU) and an overlying Upper Fall Unit (UFU). Primary glass inclusions were only found in clinopyroxenes associated with the LFU pumice and contain a mean of 1.60±0.32 wt% H2O (analysed by FTIR), 0.11±0.08 wt% F, 0.37±0.03 wt% Cl and 0.08±0.04 wt% SO3 (EMP analysis); CO2 concentrations were below the FTIR detection limit (10–20 ppm). The coexisting matrix glasses contain similar amounts of halogens and sulfur but less water (~0.60 wt%). Partially degassed matrix glasses from UFU pumices contain a mean of 0.30±0.02 H2O, 0.28±0.10 F, 0.04±0.02 SO3 and 0.80±0.04 wt% Cl. To reconstruct the total amount of volatiles dissolved in the most evolved trachytes we have used experimental solubility data and mass balance calculations concerning the amount of crystal fractionation required to produce the most evolved trachyte from the least evolved trachyte; these yield an estimated pre-eruptive magma volatile content (H2O + Cl + F) of ~5.5 wt% for the most evolved magmas. On the basis of new determinations of Cl solubility limits in hydrous trachytic melts coexisting with an aqueous fluid phase + hydrosaline melt (brine), we suggest that the upper part of the magma chamber which fed the CI eruption was fluid(s) saturated and at a minimum depth of ~2 km. Variations in eruptive style (Plinian fallout, pyroclastic flows) do not appear to be related to significant variations in pre-eruptive volatile contents.
KeywordsMagma Chamber Matrix Glass Pyroclastic Flow Volatile Content Glass Inclusion
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.