Advertisement

Recycled oceanic crust in the form of pyroxenite contributing to the Cenozoic continental basalts in central Asia: new perspectives from olivine chemistry and whole-rock B–Mo isotopes

  • Yunying Zhang
  • Chao Yuan
  • Min SunEmail author
  • Ming Chen
  • Lubing Hong
  • Jie Li
  • Xiaoping Long
  • Pengfei Li
  • Zhengfan Lin
Original Paper
  • 259 Downloads

Abstract

Cenozoic continental basalts are widespread in central Asia. To explore their source nature and petrogenesis, this study presents an integrated study of olivine chemistry, bulk-rock 40Ar/39Ar age and geochemistry as well as Sr–Nd–Pb–B–Mo isotopes for the Miocene (ca. 15.5 Ma) Halaqiaola basalts in the Chinese Altai, central Asia. The Halaqiaola basalts mostly have basanite compositions with high total alkali (Na2O + K2O = 6.89–8.01 wt%) contents and high K2O/Na2O (0.87–1.39) ratios. Compared with partial melting products of mantle peridotite, the basaltic samples possess lower CaO and CaO/Al2O3 but higher TiO2, Zn/Mn and Zn/Fe values. Meanwhile, olivine phenocrysts from these basalts are characterized by lower Ca, Ni and Mn contents but higher Fe/Mn ratios than their counterparts in the peridotitic melts, suggesting a pyroxenite-rich source. Moreover, these rocks show OIB-like trace element patterns (e.g., spikes of Ba, Sr, Nb and Ta and troughs of Th and U), and constant Nd but variable Sr and EM1-like Pb isotopic compositions, and yield light δ11B (– 11.0 to – 8.1‰) and δ98Mo (– 0.40 to – 0.06‰) values. The above geochemical data suggest that secondary pyroxenite was likely produced by reaction of recycled oceanic crust with its ambient peridotite and subsequently became the main source for the basanite. Furthermore, their light and variable δ98Mo values probably reflect that recycled oceanic crust involved in such pyroxenite was altered with different degrees. In combination with available data from adjacent regions, we propose that the far-field effect of India–Eurasia collision was the first-order factor for the upwelling of dispersive asthenospheric mantle beneath central Asia, subsequent melting of which gave rise to the widespread Cenozoic volcanism.

Keywords

Central Asia Cenozoic continental basalts Pyroxenite Recycled oceanic crust Olivine chemistry B–Mo isotopes 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We thank Ms. Xinyu Wang, Shengling Sun and Xiao Fu, and Mr. Xianglin Tu, Jinlong Ma and Le Zhang, for their help with the geochemical analyses. We thank editor Jochen Hoefs for his kind editorial help and constructive comments. We are grateful to Jingao Liu and one anonymous reviewer, whose insightful and constructive reviews greatly improve this manuscript. This work was financially supported by the National Key R&D Program of China (2017YFC0601205), the National Science Foundation of China (41603030, 41573025), the Hong Kong RGC research projects (17303415, 17302317), and the CPSF–CAS Joint Foundation for Excellent Postdoctoral Fellows (2017LH019). This work is a contribution to the CAS–HKU Joint Laboratory of Chemical Geodynamics.

Supplementary material

410_2019_1620_MOESM1_ESM.xlsx (26 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (XLSX 26 kb)
410_2019_1620_MOESM2_ESM.docx (333 kb)
Supplementary material 2 (DOCX 333 kb)

References

  1. Ancuta LD, Zeitler PK, Idleman BD, Jordan BT (2018) Whole-rock 40Ar/39Ar geochronology, geochemistry, and stratigraphy of intraplate Cenozoic volcanic rocks, central Mongolia. Geol Soc Am Bull 130:1397–1408Google Scholar
  2. Badarch G, Cunningham WD, Windley BF (2002) A new terrane subdivision for Mongolia: implications for the Phanerozoic crustal growth of central Asia. J Asian Earth Sci 21:87–110Google Scholar
  3. Balta JB, Asimow PD, Mosenfelder JL (2011) Manganese partitioning during hydrous melting of peridotite. Geochim Cosmochim Acta 75:5819–5833Google Scholar
  4. Barry TL, Saunders AD, Kempton PD, Windley BF, Pringle MS, Dorjnamjaa D, Saandar S (2003) Petrogenesis of Cenozoic basalts from Mongolia: evidence for the role of asthenospheric versus metasomatized lithospheric mantle sources. J Petrol 44:55–91Google Scholar
  5. Bayasgalan A, Jackson J, McKenzie D (2005) Lithosphere rheology and active tectonics in Mongolia: relations between earthquake source parameters, gravity and GPS measurements. Geophys J Int 163:1151–1179Google Scholar
  6. Beattie P, Ford C, Russell D (1991) Partition coefficients for olivine-melt and orthopyroxene-melt systems. Contrib Miner Petrol 109:212–224Google Scholar
  7. Bezard R, Fischer-Gödde M, Hamelin C, Brennecka GA, Kleine T (2016) The effects of magmatic processes and crustal recycling on the molybdenum stable isotopic composition of Mid-Ocean Ridge Basalts. Earth Planet Sci Lett 453:171–181Google Scholar
  8. Burkhardt C, Hin RC, Kleine T, Bourdon B (2014) Evidence for Mo isotope fractionation in the solar nebula and during planetary differentiation. Earth Planet Sci Lett 391:201–211Google Scholar
  9. Chaussidon M, Jambon A (1994) Boron content and isotopic composition of oceanic basalts: geochemical and cosmochemical implications. Earth Planet Sci Lett 121:277–291Google Scholar
  10. Chauvel C, Hémond C (2000) Melting of a complete section of recycled oceanic crust: trace element and Pb isotopic evidence from Iceland. Geochem Geophys Geosyst 1:1999GC000002Google Scholar
  11. Condie KC (2003) Incompatible element ratios in oceanic basalts and komatiites: tracking deep mantle sources and continental growth rates with time. Geochem Geophys Geosyst 4:1005.  https://doi.org/10.1029/2002GC000333 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Cunningham D (2005) Active intracontinental transpressional mountain building in the Mongolian Altai: defining a new class of orogen. Earth Planet Sci Lett 240:436–444Google Scholar
  13. Danyushevsky LV, Plechov P (2011) Petrolog 3: integrated software for modeling crystallization processes. Geochem Geophys Geosyst.  https://doi.org/10.1029/2011GC003516 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Dasgupta R, Hirschmann MM, Stalker K (2006) Immiscible transition from carbonate-rich to silicate-rich melts in the 3 GPa melting interval of eclogite + CO2 and genesis of silica-undersaturated ocean island lavas. J Petrol 47:647–671Google Scholar
  15. Dasgupta R, Hirschmann MM, Smith ND (2007) Partial melting experiments of peridotite + CO2 at 3 GPa and genesis of alkalic ocean island basalts. J Petrol 48:2093–2124Google Scholar
  16. Eisele J, Sharma M, Galer SJG, Blichert-Toft J, Devey CW, Hofmann AW (2002) The role of sediment recycling in EM-1 inferred from Os, Pb, Hf, Nd, Sr isotope and trace element systematics of the Pitcairn hotspot. Earth Planet Sci Lett 196:197–212Google Scholar
  17. Foley SF, Venturelli G, Green DH, Toscani L (1987) The ultrapotassic rocks: characteristics, classification, and constraints for petrogenetic models. Earth Sci Rev 24:81–134Google Scholar
  18. Frank M (2002) Radiogenic isotopes: tracers of past ocean circulation and erosional input. Rev Geophys 40:1001.  https://doi.org/10.1029/2000RG000094 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Freymuth H, Vils F, Willbold M, Taylor RN, Elliott T (2015) Molybdenum mobility and isotopic fractionation during subduction at the Mariana arc. Earth Planet Sci Lett 432:176–186Google Scholar
  20. Green DH, Ringwood AE (1963) Mineral assemblages in a model mantle composition. J Geophys Res 68:937–945Google Scholar
  21. Gurenko AA, Sobolev AV, Hoernle KA, Hauff F, Schmincke HU (2009) Enriched, HIMU-type peridotite and depleted recycled pyroxenite in the Canary plume: a mixed-up mantle. Earth Planet Sci Lett 277:514–524Google Scholar
  22. Hart SR (1984) A large-scale isotope anomaly in the Southern Hemisphere mantle. Nature 309:753–757Google Scholar
  23. Herzberg C (2011) Identification of source lithology in the Hawaiian and Canary Islands: implications for origin. J Petrol 52:113–146Google Scholar
  24. Herzberg C, Asimow PD (2008) Petrology of some oceanic island basalts: PRIMELT2.XLS software for primary magma calculation. Geochem Geophys Geosyst 8:Q09001Google Scholar
  25. Herzberg C, Asimow PD, Arndt N, Niu YL, Lesher CM, Fitton JG, Cheadle MJ, Saunders AD (2007) Temperatures in ambient mantle and plumes: constraints from basalts, picrites, and komatiites. Geochem Geophys Geosyst.  https://doi.org/10.1029/2006GC001390 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Hibbert K, Freymuth H, Willbold M, Elliott T (2013) Mass-dependent molybdenum isotopes in mid-ocean ridge basalts: A new mantle reference. AGU Fall Meeting Abstracts p. V52A-04Google Scholar
  27. Hirose K, Kushiro I (1993) Partial melting of dry peridotites at high pressures: determination of compositions of melts segregated from peridotite using aggregates of diamond. Earth Planet Sci Lett 114:477–489Google Scholar
  28. Hirschmann MM, Kogiso T, Baker MB, Stolper EM (2003) Alkalic magmas generated by partial melting of garnet pyroxenite. Geology 31:481–484Google Scholar
  29. Hofmann AW (1997) Mantle geochemistry: the message from oceanic volcanism. Nature 385:219–229Google Scholar
  30. Hofmann AW, Jochum KP (1996) Source characteristics derived from very incompatible trace elements in Mauna Loa and Mauna Kea basalts, Hawaii Scientific Drilling Project. J Geophys Res Solid Earth 101:11831–11839Google Scholar
  31. Howarth GH, Harris C (2017) Discriminating between pyroxenite and peridotite sources for continental flood basalts (CFB) in southern Africa using olivine chemistry. Earth Planet Sci Lett 475:143–151Google Scholar
  32. Hunt AC, Parkinson IJ, Harris NBW, Barry TL, Rogers NW, Yondon M (2012) Cenozoic volcanism on the Hangai dome, Central Mongolia: geochemical evidence for changing melt sources and implications for mechanisms of melting. J Petrol 53:1913–1942Google Scholar
  33. Ionov DA, Hofmann AW, Shimizu N (1994) Metasomatism-induced melting in mantle xenoliths from Mongolia. J Petrol 35:753–785Google Scholar
  34. Ionov DA, O’Reilly SY, Ashchepkov IV (1995) Feldspar-bearing lherzolite xenoliths in alkali basalts from Hamar-Daban, southern Baikal region, Russia. Contrib Miner Petrol 122:174–190Google Scholar
  35. Ishikawa T, Tera F (1997) Source, composition and distribution of the fluid in the Kurile mantle wedge: constraints from across-arc variations of B/Nb and B isotopes. Earth Planet Sci Lett 152:123–138Google Scholar
  36. Ishikawa T, Tera F (1999) Two isotopically distinct fluid components involved in the Mariana arc: evidence from Nb/B ratios and B, Sr, Nd, and Pb isotope systematics. Geology 27:83–86Google Scholar
  37. Ishikawa T, Tera F, Nakazawa T (2001) Boron isotope and trace element systematics of the three volcanic zones in the Kamchacta arc. Geochim Cosmochim Acta 65:4523–4537Google Scholar
  38. Ivanov AV, Demonterova EI, He HY, Perepelov AB, Travin AV, Lebedev VA (2015) Volcanism in the Baikal rift: 40 years of active-versus-passive model discussion. Earth Sci Rev 148:18–43Google Scholar
  39. Johnson JS, Gibson SA, Thompson RN, Nowell GM (2005) Volcanism in the Vitim volcanic field, Siberia: geochemical evidence for a mantle plume beneath the Baikal rift zone. J Petrol 46:1309–1344Google Scholar
  40. Kamenetsky VS, Elburg M, Arculus R, Thomas R (2006) Magmatic origin of low-Ca olivine in subduction-related magmas: co-existence of contrasting magmas. Chem Geol 233:346–357Google Scholar
  41. Kamenetsky VS, Chung SL, Kamenetsky MB, Kuzmin DV (2012) Picrites from the Emeishan large igneous province, SW China: a compositional continuum in primitive magmas and their respective mantle sources. J Petrol 53:2095–2113Google Scholar
  42. Kasemann S, Meixner A, Rocholl A, Vennemann T, Rosner M, Schmitt AK, Wiedenbeck M (2001) Boron and oxygen isotope composition of certified reference materials NIST SRM 610/612 and reference materials JB-2 and JR-2. Geostand Newsl 25:405–416Google Scholar
  43. Keshav S, Gudfinnsson GH, Sen G, Fei Y (2004) High-pressure melting experiments on garnet clinopyroxenite and the alkalic to tholeiitic transition in ocean-island basalts. Earth Planet Sci Lett 223:365–379Google Scholar
  44. Kobayashi K, Tanaka R, Moriguti T, Shimizu K, Nakamura E (2004) Lithium, boron and lead isotope systematics of glass inclusions in olivines from Hawaiian lavas: evidence for recycled components in the Hawaiian plume. Chem Geol 212:143–161Google Scholar
  45. Kogiso T, Hirschmann MM (2006) Partial melting experiments of bimineralic eclogite and the role of recycled mafic oceanic crust in the genesis of ocean island basalts. Earth Planet Sci Lett 249:188–199Google Scholar
  46. Kogiso T, Hirschmann MM, Frost DJ (2003) High pressure partial melting of garnet pyroxenite: possible mafic lithologies in the source of ocean island basalts. Earth Planet Sci Lett 216:603–617Google Scholar
  47. König S, Wille M, Voegelin A, Schoenberg R (2016) Molybdenum isotope systematics in subduction zones. Earth Planet Sci Lett 447:95–102Google Scholar
  48. Koppers AAP (2002) ArArCALC—software for 40Ar/39Ar age calculations. Comp Geosci 28:605–619Google Scholar
  49. Kushiro I (2001) Partial melting experiments on peridotite and origin of mid-ocean ridge basalt. Annu Rev Earth Planet Sci 29:71–107Google Scholar
  50. Laporte D, Toplis MJ, Seyler M, Devidal JL (2004) A new experimental technique for extracting liquids from peridotite at very low degrees of melting: application to partial melting of depleted peridotite. Contrib Mineral Petrol 14:463–484Google Scholar
  51. Le Bas MJ, Le Maitre RW, Strekeisen A, Zanettin B (1986) Chemical classification of volcanic rocks based on the total alkali–silica diagram. J Petrol 27:745–750Google Scholar
  52. le Roux V, Lee CT, Turner SJ (2010) Zn/Fe systematics in mafic and ultramafic systems: implications for detecting major element heterogeneities in the Earth’s mantle. Geochim Cosmochim Acta 74:2779–2796Google Scholar
  53. Li XC, Zhou MF (2018) The nature and origin of hydrothermal REE mineralization in the Sin Quyen deposit, northwestern Vietnam. Econ Geol 113:645–673Google Scholar
  54. Li XH, Li ZX, Wingate MTD, Chung SL, Liu Y, Lin GC, Li WX (2006) Geochemistry of the 755 Ma Mundine Well dyke swarm, northwestern Australia: part of a Neoproterozoic mantle superplume beneath Rodinia? Precambrian Res 146:1–15Google Scholar
  55. Li J, Liang XR, Zhong LF, Wang XC, Ren ZY, Sun SL, Zhang ZF, Xu JF (2014) Measurement of the isotopic composition of molybdenum in geological samples by MC-ICPMS using a novel chromatographic extraction technique. Geostand Geoanal Res 38:345–354Google Scholar
  56. Li SG, Yang W, Ke S, Meng XN, Tian HC, Xu LJ, He YS, Huang J, Wang XC, Xia QK, Sun WD, Yang XY, Ren ZY, Wei HQ, Liu YS, Meng FC, Yan J (2017) Deep carbon cycles constrained by a large-scale mantle Mg isotope anomaly in eastern China. Nati Sci Rev 4:111–120Google Scholar
  57. Liang YH, Halliday AN, Siebert C, Fitton JG, Burton KW, Wang KL, Harvey J (2017) Molybdenum isotope fractionation in the mantle. Geochim Cosmochim Acta 199:91–111Google Scholar
  58. Liu M, Cui XJ, Liu FT (2004) Cenozoic rifting and volcanism in eastern China: a mantle dynamic link to the Indo–Asian collision? Tectonophysics 393:29–42Google Scholar
  59. Liu XJ, Xu JF, Xiao WJ, Castillo PR, Shi Y, Wang SQ, Huo QY, Feng ZH (2015) The boundary between the Central Asian Orogenic belt and Tethyan tectonic domain deduced from Pb isotopic data. J Asian Earth Sci 113:7–15Google Scholar
  60. Marschall HR, Altherr R, Rüpke L (2007) Squeezing out the slab—modelling the release of Li, Be and B during progressive high-pressure metamorphism. Chem Geol 239:323–335Google Scholar
  61. Marschall HR, Wanless VD, Shimizu N, Strandmann PAEPV, Elliott T, Monteleone BD (2017) The boron and lithium isotopic composition of mid-ocean ridge basalts and the mantle. Geochim Cosmochim Acta 207:102–138Google Scholar
  62. McCulloch MT, Gregory RT, Wasserburg GJ, Taylor HP (1980) A neodymium, strontium, and oxygen isotopic study of the Cretaceous Samail ophiolite and implications for the petrogenesis and sea-water-hydrothermal alteration of the oceanic crust. Earth Planet Sci Lett 46:201–211Google Scholar
  63. McKenzie D, Bickle MJ (1988) The volume and composition of melt generated by extension of the lithosphere. J Petrol 29:625–679Google Scholar
  64. Morimoto N, Fabries J, Ferguson AK, Ginzburg IV, Ross M, Seifert FA, Zussman J, Aoki K, Gottardi G (1988) Nomenclature of pyroxenes. Am Mineral 73:1123–1133Google Scholar
  65. Nelson BK (1995) Fluid flow in subduction zones: evidence from Nd- and Sr-isotope variations in metabasalts of the Franciscan complex, California. Contrib Mineral Petrol 119:247–262Google Scholar
  66. Pabst S, Zack T, Savov IP, Ludwig T, Rost D, Tonarini S, Vincenzi E (2012) The fate of subducted oceanic slabs in the shallow mantle: insights from boron isotopes and light element composition of metasomatized blueschists from the Mariana forearc. Lithos 132–133:162–179Google Scholar
  67. Peacock SM, Hervig RL (1999) Boron isotopic composition of subduction-zone metamorphic rocks. Chem Geol 160:281–290Google Scholar
  68. Pearce JA (2008) Geochemical fingerprinting of oceanic basalts with applications to ophiolite classification and the search for Archean oceanic crust. Lithos 100:14–48Google Scholar
  69. Pertermann M, Hirschmann MM (2003) Anhydrous partial melting experiments on MORB-like eclogite: phase relations, phase compositions and mineral-melt partitioning of major elements at 2–3 GPa. J Petrol 44:2173–2201Google Scholar
  70. Pfänder JA, Münker C, Stracke A, Mezger K (2007) Nb/Ta and Zr/Hf in ocean island basalts—implications for crust–mantle differentiation and the fate of Niobium. Earth Planet Sci Lett 254:158–172Google Scholar
  71. Pilet S, Baker MB, Stolper EM (2008) Metasomatized lithosphere and the origin of alkaline lavas. Science 320:916–919Google Scholar
  72. Putirka K (1999) Clinopyroxene + liquid equilibria to 100 kbar and 2450 K. Contrib Mineral Petrol 135:151–163Google Scholar
  73. Putirka KD (2008) Thermometers and barometers for volcanic systems. Rev Mineral Geochem 69:61–120Google Scholar
  74. Putirka KD, Mikaelian H, Ryerson F, Shaw H (2003) New clinopyroxene-liquid thermobarometers for mafic, evolved, and volatile-bearing lava compositions, with applications to lavas from Tibet and the Snake River Plain, Idaho. Am Mineral 88:1542–1554Google Scholar
  75. Putirka KD, Ryerson FJ, Perfit M, Ridley WI (2011) Mineralogy and composition of the Oceanic Mantle. J Petrol 52:279–313Google Scholar
  76. Roeder P, Emslie RF (1970) Olivine-liquid equilibrium. Contrib Mineral Petrol 29:275–289Google Scholar
  77. Rose EF, Shimizu N, Layne GD, Grove TL (2001) Melt production beneath MT. Shasta from boron data in primitive melt inclusions. Science 293:281–283Google Scholar
  78. Rudnick RL, Gao S (2003) Composition of the continental crust. Treatise Geochem 3:1–64Google Scholar
  79. Savatenkov VM, Yarmolyuk VV, Kudryashova EA, Kozlovskii AM (2010) Sources and geodynamics of the Late Cenozoic volcanism of Central Mongolia: evidence from isotope-geochemical studies. Petrology 18:278–307Google Scholar
  80. Schwab BE, Johnston AD (2001) Melting systematics of modally variable, compositionally intermediate peridotites and the effects of mineral fertility. J Petrol 42:789–1811Google Scholar
  81. Simkin T, Smith JV (1970) Minor-element distribution in olivine. J Geol 78:304–325Google Scholar
  82. Smith HJ, Spivack AJ, Staudigel H, Hart SR (1995) The boron isotopic composition of altered oceanic crust. Chem Geol 126:119–135Google Scholar
  83. Sobolev AV, Hofmann AW, Sobolev SV, Nikogosian IK (2005) An olivine-free mantle source of Hawaiian shield basalts. Nature 434:590–597Google Scholar
  84. Sobolev AV, Hofmann AW, Kuzmin AV, Yaxley GM, Arndt NT, Chung SL, Danyushevsky LV, Elliott T, Frey FA, Garcia MO, Gurenko AA, Kamenetsky VS, Kerr AC, Krivolutskaya NA, Matvienkov VV, Nikogosian IK, Rocholl A, Sigurdsson IA, Sushchevskaya NM, Teklay M (2007) The amount of recycled crust in sources of mantle-derived melts. Science 316:412–417Google Scholar
  85. Stracke A (2012) Earth’s heterogeneous mantle: a product of convection-driven interaction between crust and mantle. Chem Geol 330–331:274–299Google Scholar
  86. Stracke A, Bourdon B (2009) The importance of melt extraction for tracing mantle heterogeneity. Geochim Cosmochim Acta 73:218–238Google Scholar
  87. Streckeisen A (1976) To each plutonic rock its proper name. Earth Sci Rev 12:1–33Google Scholar
  88. Sun SS, McDonough WF (1989) Chemical and isotopic systematics of oceanic basalts: implications for mantle composition and processes. Geol Soc Spec Publ 42:313–345Google Scholar
  89. Tanaka R, Nakamura E (2005) Boron isotopic constraints on the source of Hawaiian shield lavas. Geochim Cosmochim Acta 69:3385–3399Google Scholar
  90. Tanaka T, Togashi S, Kamioka H, Amakawa H, Kagami H, Hamamoto T, Yuhara M, Orihashi Y, Yoneda S, Shimizu H, Kunimaru T, Takahashi K, Yanagi T, Nakano T, Fujimaki H, Shinjo R, Asahara Y, Tanimizu M, Dragusanu C (2000) JNdi-1: a neodymium isotopic reference in consistency with LaJolla neodymium. Chem Geol 168:279–281Google Scholar
  91. Tian HC, Yang W, Li SG, Ke S, Chu ZY (2016) Origin of low δ26Mg basalts with EM-I component: evidence for interaction between enriched lithosphere and carbonated asthenosphere. Geochim Cosmochim Acta 188:93–105Google Scholar
  92. Todt W, Cliff RA, Hanser A, Hofmann AW (1996) Evaluation of a 202Pb–205Pb double spike for high precision lead isotope analysis. In: Hart SR, Basu A (eds) Earth processes: reading the isotope code. American Geophysical Union, Washington, pp 429–437Google Scholar
  93. Toplis MJ, Carroll MR (1995) An experimental study of the influence of oxygen fugacity on Fe–Ti oxide stability, phase relations, and mineral–melt equilibria in ferro-basaltic systems. J Petrol 36:1137–1170Google Scholar
  94. Turner S, Tonarini S, Bindeman I, Leeman WP, Schaefer B (2007) Boron and oxygen isotope evidence for recycling of subducted components over the past 2.5 Gyr. Nature 447:702–705Google Scholar
  95. Ulmer P (1989) The dependence of Fe2+–Mg cation-partitioning between olivine and basaltic liquid on pressure, temperature and composition. Contrib Mineral Petrol 101:261–273Google Scholar
  96. Vassallo R, Jolivet M, Ritz JF, Braucher R, Larroque C, Sue C, Todbileg M, Javkhlanbold D (2007) Uplift age and rates of the Gurvan Bogd system (Gobi-Altay) by apatite fission track analysis. Earth Planet Sci Lett 259:333–346Google Scholar
  97. Voegelin AR, Pettke T, Greber ND, von Niederhäusern B, Nägler TF (2014) Magma differentiation fractionates Mo isotope ratios: evidence from the Kos Plateau Tuff (Aegean Arc). Lithos 190–191:440–448Google Scholar
  98. Vogl J, Rosner M (2012) Production and certification of a unique set of isotope and delta reference materials for boron isotope determination in geochemical, environmental and industrial materials. Geostand Geoanal Res 36:161–175Google Scholar
  99. Walker RT, Nissen E, Molor E, Bayasgalan A (2007) Reinterpretation of the active faulting in central Mongolia. Geology 35:759–762Google Scholar
  100. Wang T, Jahn BM, Kovach VP, Tong Y, Hong DW, Han BF (2009) Nd–Sr isotopic mapping of the Chinese Altai and implications for continental growth in the Central Asian Orogenic Belt. Lithos 110:359–372Google Scholar
  101. Wang F, Wang QC, Lin W, Wu L, Shi WB, Feng HL, Zhu RX (2014) 40Ar/39Ar geochronology of the North China and Yangtze Cratons: new constraints on Mesozoic cooling and cratonic destruction under East Asia. J Geophys Res: Solid Earth 119:3700–3721Google Scholar
  102. Wasylenki LE, Baker MB, Kent JRA, Stolper EM (2003) Near-solidus melting of the shallow upper mantle: partial melting experiments on depleted peridotite. J Petrol 44:1163–1191Google Scholar
  103. Wei GJ, Liang XR, Li XH, Liu Y (2002) Precise measurement of Sr isotopic composition of liquid and solid base using (LP) MC-ICPMS. Geochimica 31:295–299Google Scholar
  104. Wei GJ, Wei JX, Liu Y, Ke T, Ren ZY, Ma JL, Xu YG (2013) Measurement on high precision boron isotope of silicate materials by a single column purification method and MC-ICP-MS. J Anal At Spectrom 28:606–612Google Scholar
  105. Willbold M, Elliott T (2017) Molybdenum isotope variations in magmatic rocks. Chem Geol 449:253–268Google Scholar
  106. Willbold M, Hibbert K, Lai YJ, Freymuth H, Hin RC, Coath C, Vils F, Elliott T (2016) High-precision mass-dependent molybdenum isotope variations in magmatic rocks determined by double-spike MC-ICP-MS. Geostand Geoanal Res 40:389–403Google Scholar
  107. Wille M, Nebel O, Pettke T, Vroon PZ, König S, Schoenberg R (2018) Molybdenum isotope variations in calc-alkaline lavas from the Banda arc, Indonesia: assessing the effect of crystal fractionation in creating isotopically heavy continental crust. Chem Geol 485:1–13Google Scholar
  108. Windley BF, Allen MB (1993) Mongolian plateau: evidence for a late Cenozoic mantle plume under central Asia. Geology 21:295–298Google Scholar
  109. Windley BF, Kröner A, Guo JH, Qu GS, Li YY, Zhang C (2002) Neoproterozoic to Paleozoic geology of the Altai orogen, NW China: new zircon age data and tectonic evolution. J Geol 110:719–737Google Scholar
  110. Woodhead JD, Hergt JM (2001) Strontium, Neodymium and Lead isotope analyses of NIST glass certified reference materials: sRM 610, 612, 614. Geostand Newsl 25:261–266Google Scholar
  111. Xu YG (2014) Recycled oceanic crust in the source of 90–40 Ma basalts in North and Northeast China: evidence, provenance and significance. Geochim Cosmochim Acta 143:49–67Google Scholar
  112. Yamaoka K, Ishikawa T, Matsubaya O, Ishiyama D, Nagaishi K, Hiroyasu Y, Chiba H, Kawahata H (2012) Boron and oxygen isotope systematics for a complete section of oceanic crustal rocks in the Oman ophiolite. Geochim Cosmochim Acta 84:543–559Google Scholar
  113. Yang J, Siebert C, Barling J, Savage P, Liang YH, Halliday A (2015) Absence of molybdenum isotope fractionation during magmatic differentiation at Hekla volcano, Iceland. Geochim Cosmochim Acta 162:126–136Google Scholar
  114. Yarmolyuk VV, Kudryashova EA, Kozlovskyi AM, Savatenkov VM (2011) Late Cenozoic volcanic province in Central and East Asia. Petrology 19:327–347Google Scholar
  115. Yu Y, Sun M, Huang XL, Zhao GC, Li PF, Long XP, Cai KD, Xia XP (2017) Sr–Nd–Hf–Pb isotopic evidence for modification of the Devonian lithospheric mantle beneath the Chinese Altai. Lithos 284–285:207–221Google Scholar
  116. Yuan C, Sun M, Xiao WJ, Li XH, Chen HL, Lin SF, Xia XP, Long XP (2007) Accretionary orogenesis of the Chinese Altai: insights from Paleozoic granitoids. Chem Geol 242:22–39Google Scholar
  117. Zhang QF, Hu AQ, Zhang GX, Fan SK, Pu ZP, Li QX (1994) Evidence from isotopic age for presence of Mesozoic-Cenozoic magmatic activities in Altai region, Xinjiang. Geochimica 23:269–280Google Scholar
  118. Zhang YY, Guo ZJ, Liu C, Xu WQ (2007) Geochemical characteristics and geologic implications of Cenozoic basalts, east Altai, Xinjiang. Acta Petrol Sin 23:1730–1738Google Scholar
  119. Zhang YY, Yuan C, Sun M, Long XP, Wang YP, Jiang YD, Lin ZF (2017) Arc magmatism associated with steep subduction: insights from trace element and Sr–Nd–Hf–B isotope systematics. J Geophys Res: Solid Earth 122:1816–1834Google Scholar
  120. Zhao PP, Li J, Zhang L, Wang ZB, Kong DX, Ma JL, Wei GJ, Xu JF (2016) Molybdenum mass fractions and isotopic compositions of international geological reference materials. Geostand Geoanal Res 40:217–226Google Scholar
  121. Zhu BQ, Zhang JL, Tu XL, Chang XY, Fan CY, Liu Y, Liu JY (2001) Pb, Sr, and Nd isotopic features in organic matter from China and their implications for petroleum generation and migration. Geochim Cosmochim Acta 65:2555–2570Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yunying Zhang
    • 1
    • 2
  • Chao Yuan
    • 1
  • Min Sun
    • 2
    Email author
  • Ming Chen
    • 3
  • Lubing Hong
    • 1
  • Jie Li
    • 1
  • Xiaoping Long
    • 1
  • Pengfei Li
    • 1
  • Zhengfan Lin
    • 1
  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Isotope GeochemistryGuangzhou Institute of Geochemistry, Chinese Academy of SciencesGuangzhouChina
  2. 2.Department of Earth SciencesThe University of Hong KongHong KongChina
  3. 3.School of Earth SciencesChina University of GeosciencesWuhanChina

Personalised recommendations