Zircon and quartz inclusions in garnet used for complementary Raman thermobarometry: application to the Holsnøy eclogite, Bergen Arcs, Western Norway

  • Xin ZhongEmail author
  • Niels H. Andersen
  • Marcin Dabrowski
  • Bjørn Jamtveit
Original Paper


Mineral inclusions are common and have been widely used to investigate complex geological history. When a rock undergoes cooling and decompression after the entrapment of an inclusion into a host mineral, residual pressure may develop within the inclusion because of the differences in thermal expansivity and compressibility between the inclusion and host. By combining laser Raman spectroscopy and experimental data relating hydrostatic pressure and Raman shift, it is possible to estimate the entrapment pressure–temperature (PT) conditions using an isotropic elastic model. In this study, we report Raman spectroscopic data on both zircon and quartz inclusions in garnet host from the Holsnøy eclogite, Bergen Arcs, Norway. Averaged residual pressures based on different Raman peaks for zircon and quartz inclusions are obtained to be ca. 0.6 GPa and ca. 0.65 GPa respectively. Using the equation of state for zircon and quartz, the entrapment PT conditions are constrained to be 1.7–1.9 GPa, 680–760 °C, consistent with previous estimates based on phase equilibria. Heating/cooling experiments are performed on an entrapped zircon inclusion. A clear trend is found between the residual zircon inclusion pressure and the externally controlled temperature. We show that the residual zircon inclusion pressure sealed in garnet host is very sensitive to the entrapment temperature, and can be used as a Raman thermometer. The effects of laser heating and the thermo-elastic anisotropy of zircon inclusion are quantified and discussed.


Zircon Inclusion Raman spectroscopy Thermobarometry Eclogite 



H. Austrheim is sincerely acknowledged for providing the thin-section samples. S. Simonsen is thanked for her technical support with SEM/EDS. XZ thanks S. Cionoiu, H. Wang and J. Szczepański for helpful discussions. This project has been supported by the Early-Postdoc Mobility Fellowship of Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF) (P2EZP2_172220) to XZ, and the European Union’s Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation Programme under the ERC Advanced Grant Agreement no. 669972, ‘Disequilibrium Metamorphism’ (‘DIME’) to BJ. MD acknowledges PGI-NRI project no. 61-9015-1601-00-0. We thank D. Rubatto for editorial work and two anonymous reviewers for their helpful comments.

Supplementary material

410_2019_1584_MOESM1_ESM.xlsx (31 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (XLSX 31 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xin Zhong
    • 1
    Email author
  • Niels H. Andersen
    • 2
  • Marcin Dabrowski
    • 1
    • 3
  • Bjørn Jamtveit
    • 1
  1. 1.Physics of Geological Processes, The Njord Centre, Department of GeosciencesUniversity of OsloOsloNorway
  2. 2.Department of ChemistryUniversity of OsloOsloNorway
  3. 3.Computational Geology LaboratoryPolish Geological Institute - NRIWrocławPoland

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