Decoding a protracted zircon geochronological record in ultrahigh temperature granulite, and persistence of partial melting in the crust, Rogaland, Norway

  • Antonin T. LaurentEmail author
  • Bernard Bingen
  • Stephanie Duchene
  • Martin J. Whitehouse
  • Anne-magali Seydoux-Guillaume
  • Valerie Bosse
Original Paper


This contribution evaluates the relation between protracted zircon geochronological signal and protracted crustal melting in the course of polyphase high to ultrahigh temperature (UHT; T > 900 °C) granulite facies metamorphism. New U–Pb, oxygen isotope, trace element, ion imaging and cathodoluminescence (CL) imaging data in zircon are reported from five samples from Rogaland, South Norway. The data reveal that the spread of apparent age captured by zircon, between 1040 and 930 Ma, results both from open-system growth and closed-system post-crystallization disturbance. Post-crystallization disturbance is evidenced by inverse age zoning induced by solid-state recrystallization of metamict cores that received an alpha dose above 35 × 1017 α  g−1. Zircon neocrystallization is documented by CL-dark domains displaying O isotope open-system behaviour. In UHT samples, O isotopic ratios are homogenous (δ18O = 8.91 ± 0.08‰), pointing to high-temperature diffusion. Scanning ion imaging of these CL-dark domains did not reveal unsupported radiogenic Pb. The continuous geochronological signal retrieved from the CL-dark zircon in UHT samples is similar to that of monazite for the two recognized metamorphic phases (M1: 1040–990 Ma; M2: 940–930 Ma). A specific zircon-forming event is identified in the orthopyroxene and UHT zone with a probability peak at ca. 975 Ma, lasting until ca. 955 Ma. Coupling U–Pb geochronology and Ti-in-zircon thermometry provides firm evidence of protracted melting lasting up to 110 My (1040–930 Ma) in the UHT zone, 85 My (ca. 1040–955 Ma) in the orthopyroxene zone and some 40 My (ca. 1040–1000 Ma) in the regional basement. These results demonstrate the persistence of melt over long timescales in the crust, punctuated by two UHT incursions.


Zircon U–Pb geochronology O isotopes Ultrahigh temperature metamorphism Rogaland 



This work was supported by the CNRS NEEDS program and a PHC Aurora Grant (Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Norway and France). This is NORDSIMS publication no. 542. Editorial handling by S. Reddy is greatly appreciated.

Supplementary material

410_2018_1455_MOESM1_ESM.xls (72 kb)
ESM S1 LA–ICP–MS trace elements analysis (in ppm) and Ti-in-zircon thermometry of selected zircon grains (XLS 72 KB)
410_2018_1455_MOESM2_ESM.xls (108 kb)
ESM S2 SIMS U–Th–Pb isotopic ratios corrected for Pbc and associated dates (XLS 108 KB)
410_2018_1455_MOESM3_ESM.xlsx (39 kb)
ESM S3 Oxygen isotopic data in zircon and alpha dose in zircon since crystallization given by their apparent 206Pb/238U age (see text for details). (XLSX 39 KB)
410_2018_1455_MOESM4_ESM.pdf (116 kb)
ESM S4 Zircon U–Pb age record comparedt o Ti-in-zircon minimum temperature for the garnet-rich leucosome ALR 13-05 (a-b) and a compilation of all UHT zone samples. a– Weighted probability diagram CL-dark zircon rim for ALR 13-05 b– Frequency histogram of Ti-in-zircon thermometry for ALR 13-05. c– Distribution of calculated Ti-in-zircon temperatures through time in the UHT zone. (PDF 116 KB)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Antonin T. Laurent
    • 1
    Email author
  • Bernard Bingen
    • 2
  • Stephanie Duchene
    • 3
  • Martin J. Whitehouse
    • 4
  • Anne-magali Seydoux-Guillaume
    • 1
    • 5
  • Valerie Bosse
    • 5
  1. 1.Université de Lyon, UJM-Saint-Etienne, CNRS, UCA, IRD, LMV UMR 6524Saint-EtienneFrance
  2. 2.Geological Survey of NorwayTrondheimNorway
  3. 3.GET, Université de Toulouse, CNRS, UPS, IRDToulouseFrance
  4. 4.Swedish Museum of Natural HistoryStockholmSweden
  5. 5.Université Clermont Auvergne, CNRS, IRD, OPGC, LMV UMR 6524Clermont-FerrandFrance

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