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Monazite behaviour during isothermal decompression in pelitic granulites: a case study from Dinggye, Tibetan Himalaya

  • Jia-Min WangEmail author
  • Fu-Yuan Wu
  • Daniela Rubatto
  • Shi-Ran Liu
  • Jin-Jiang Zhang
  • Xiao-Chi Liu
  • Lei Yang
Original Paper

Abstract

Monazite is a key accessory mineral for metamorphic geochronology, but interpretation of its complex chemical and age zoning acquired during high-temperature metamorphism and anatexis remains a challenge. We investigate the petrology, pressure–temperature and timing of metamorphism in pelitic and psammitic granulites that contain monazite from the Greater Himalayan Crystalline Complex (GHC) in Dinggye, southern Tibet. These rocks underwent isothermal decompression from pressure of >10 kbar to ~5 kbar at temperatures of 750–830 °C, and recorded three metamorphic stages at kyanite (M1), sillimanite (M2) and cordierite-spinel grade (M3). Monazite and zircon crystals were dated by microbeam techniques either as grain separates or in thin sections. U–Th–Pb ages are linked to specific conditions of mineral growth on the basis of zoning patterns, trace element signatures, index mineral inclusions (melt inclusions, sillimanite and K-feldspar) in dated domains and textural relationships with co-existing minerals. The results show that inherited domains (500–400 Ma) are preserved in monazite even at granulite-facies conditions. Few monazites or zircon yield ages related to the M1-stage (~30–29 Ma), possibly corresponding to prograde melting by muscovite dehydration. During the early stage of isothermal decompression, inherited or prograde monazites in most samples were dissolved in the melt produced by biotite dehydration-melting. Most monazite grains crystallized from melt toward the end of decompression (M3-stage, 21–19 Ma) and are chemically related to garnet breakdown reactions. Another peak of monazite growth occurred at final melt crystallization (~15 Ma), and these monazite grains are unzoned and are homogeneous in composition. In a regional context, our pressure–temperature–time data constrains peak high-pressure metamorphism within the GHC to ~30–29 Ma in Dinggye Himalaya. Our results are in line with a melt-assisted exhumation of the GHC rocks.

Keywords

U–Th–Pb geochronology Monazite Isothermal decompression Granulite-facies Himalaya 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors thank X.-H. Li, X.-X. Ling, Y.-H. Yang and Q. Mao for analytical help with the SIMS, LA-ICP-MS and EPMA. S. Chakraborty and S. Dasgupta are thanked for discussion. We appreciate two anonymous reviewers and editor F. Poitrasson for constructive comments. This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Numbers 41602054, 41402055 and 41130313), China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (Grant Numbers 2015LH0002 and 2016M600126) and China Geological Survey (Grant Number 201306010046).

Supplementary material

410_2017_1400_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (705 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (PDF 705 kb)
410_2017_1400_MOESM2_ESM.xls (498 kb)
Supplementary material 2 (XLS 498 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Lithospheric EvolutionInstitute of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  2. 2.Institut für Geologie Mineralogie und Geophysik, Ruhr-Universität BochumBochumGermany
  3. 3.Center for Excellence in Tibetan Plateau Earth Sciences, Chinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  4. 4.Institute of Geological Sciences, University of BernBernSwitzerland
  5. 5.School of Earth and Space SciencesPeking UniversityBeijingChina

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