A petrological and geochemical study on time-series samples from Klyuchevskoy volcano, Kamchatka arc

  • Olga Bergal-Kuvikas
  • Mitsuhiro NakagawaEmail author
  • Takeshi Kuritani
  • Yaroslav Muravyev
  • Nataliya Malik
  • Elena Klimenko
  • Mizuho Amma-Miyasaka
  • Akiko Matsumoto
  • Shunjiro Shimada
Original Paper


To understand the generation and evolution of mafic magmas from Klyuchevskoy volcano in the Kamchatka arc, which is one of the most active arc volcanoes on Earth, a petrological and geochemical study was carried out on time-series samples from the volcano. The eruptive products show significant variations in their whole-rock compositions (52.0–55.5 wt.% SiO2), and they have been divided into high-Mg basalts and high-Al andesites. In the high-Mg basalts, lower-K and higher-K primitive samples (>9 wt.% MgO) are present, and their petrological features indicate that they may represent primary or near-primary magmas. Slab-derived fluids that induced generation of the lower-K basaltic magmas were less enriched in melt component than those associated with the higher-K basaltic magmas, and the fluids are likely to have been released from the subducting slab at shallower levels for the lower-K basaltic magmas than for higher-K basaltic magmas. Analyses using multicomponent thermodynamics indicates that the lower-K primary magma was generated by ~13% melting of a source mantle with ~0.7 wt.% H2O at 1245–1260 °C and ~1.9 GPa. During most of the evolution of the volcano, the lower-K basaltic magmas were dominant; the higher-K primitive magma first appeared in AD 1932. In AD 1937–1938, both the lower-K and higher-K primitive magmas erupted, which implies that the two types of primary magmas were present simultaneously and independently beneath the volcano. The higher-K basaltic magmas evolved progressively into high-Al andesite magmas in a magma chamber in the middle crust from AD 1932 to ~AD 1960. Since then, relatively primitive magma has been injected continuously into the magma chamber, which has resulted in the systematic increase of the MgO contents of erupted materials with ages from ~AD 1960 to present.


Primary magma Magma generation Kamchatka arc Water content Slab-derived fluids 



We are grateful to Y. Ishizuka, T. Hasegawa, S. Uesawa, S. Serovetnikov, S. Chirkov and colleagues from the Institute of Volcanology and Seismology, Kamchatka for supporting us in field work at Klyuchevskoy volcano. Editorial handling by T. L. Grove and constructive review and fruitful comments by M. Portnyagin and R. Arculus are greatly appreciated. We thank all the members of the Petrology and Volcanology Group at Hokkaido University for productive discussions and technical assistance. This work was supported by a research Grant for a Japan–Russia joint research project funded by the JSPS and RFBR Grant number 14-05-92108 and by a research grant from the JSPS KAKENHI Grant number 16H04071 for T.K. and 22253005 for M.N. B.-K. O. is grateful to the Japanese government for the opportunity to study at Hokkaido University (Monbukagakusho MEXT scholarship, 2010–2015).

Supplementary material

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Supplementary material 1 (XLSX 16 KB)
410_2017_1347_MOESM2_ESM.xls (161 kb)
Supplementary material 2 (XLS 161 KB)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Olga Bergal-Kuvikas
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Mitsuhiro Nakagawa
    • 1
    Email author
  • Takeshi Kuritani
    • 1
  • Yaroslav Muravyev
    • 2
  • Nataliya Malik
    • 2
  • Elena Klimenko
    • 2
  • Mizuho Amma-Miyasaka
    • 1
  • Akiko Matsumoto
    • 1
  • Shunjiro Shimada
    • 1
  1. 1.Graduate School of ScienceHokkaido UniversitySapporoJapan
  2. 2.Institute of Volcanology and SeismologyFar Eastern Branch of Russian Academy of SciencePetropavlovsk-KamchatskyRussia
  3. 3.Earth Observatory of SingaporeNanyang Technological UniversitySingaporeSingapore

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