Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology

, Volume 166, Issue 5, pp 1521–1538 | Cite as

Platinum-group elements, S, Se and Cu in highly depleted abyssal peridotites from the Mid-Atlantic Ocean Ridge (ODP Hole 1274A): Influence of hydrothermal and magmatic processes

  • Claudio Marchesi
  • Carlos J. Garrido
  • Jason Harvey
  • José María González-Jiménez
  • Károly Hidas
  • Jean-Pierre Lorand
  • Fernando Gervilla
Original Paper

Abstract

Highly depleted harzburgites and dunites were recovered from ODP Hole 1274A, near the intersection between the Mid-Atlantic Ocean Ridge and the 15°20′N Fracture Zone. In addition to high degrees of partial melting, these peridotites underwent multiple episodes of melt–rock reaction and intense serpentinization and seawater alteration close to the seafloor. Low concentrations of Se, Cu and platinum-group elements (PGE) in harzburgites drilled at around 35–85 m below seafloor are consistent with the consumption of mantle sulfides after high degrees (>15–20 %) of partial melting and redistribution of chalcophile and siderophile elements into PGE-rich residual microphases. Higher concentrations of Cu, Se, Ru, Rh and Pd in harzburgites from the uppermost and lowest cores testify to late reaction with a sulfide melt. Dunites were formed by percolation of silica- and sulfur-undersaturated melts into low-Se harzburgites. Platinum-group and chalcophile elements were not mobilized during dunite formation and mostly preserve the signature of precursor harzburgites, except for higher Ru and lower Pt contents caused by precipitation and removal of platinum-group minerals. During serpentinization at low temperature (<250 °C) and reducing conditions, mantle sulfides experienced desulfurization to S-poor sulfides (mainly heazlewoodite) and awaruite. Contrary to Se and Cu, sulfur does not record the magmatic evolution of peridotites but was mostly added in hydrothermal sulfides and sulfate from seawater. Platinum-group elements were unaffected by post-magmatic low-temperature processes, except Pt and Pd that may have been slightly remobilized during oxidative seawater alteration.

Keywords

Abyssal peridotite Chalcophile elements Melting Melt–rock reaction Platinum-group elements Serpentinization 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We are grateful to D. van Acken and two anonymous referees for their constructive reviews of the submitted version of the manuscript. This research used samples provided by the Ocean Drilling Program (ODP). ODP is sponsored by the U.S. National Science Foundation and participating countries under the management of the Joint Oceanographic Institutions (JOI) Inc. C.M.’s research has been supported by a JAE-DOC postdoctoral fellowship of the CSIC co-funded by the European Social Fund, and by a Marie Curie European Re-integration Grant under contract agreement PERG08-GA-2010-276867. This is contribution 352 from the ARC Centre of Excellence for Core to Crust Fluid Systems (http://www.ccfs.mq.edu.au) and 907 from the GEMOC Key Centre (http://www.gemoc.mq.edu.au).

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Claudio Marchesi
    • 1
  • Carlos J. Garrido
    • 1
  • Jason Harvey
    • 2
  • José María González-Jiménez
    • 3
  • Károly Hidas
    • 1
  • Jean-Pierre Lorand
    • 4
  • Fernando Gervilla
    • 1
    • 5
  1. 1.Instituto Andaluz de Ciencias de la TierraCSIC-Universidad de GranadaArmillaSpain
  2. 2.School of Earth and EnvironmentUniversity of LeedsLeedsUK
  3. 3.ARC Centre of Excellence for Core to Crust Fluid Systems (CCFS) and GEMOC National Key Centre, Department of Earth and Planetary SciencesMacquarie UniversitySydneyAustralia
  4. 4.Laboratoire de Planétologie et Géodynamique de Nantes, CNRS UMR 6112Université de NantesNantes Cedex 3France
  5. 5.Departamento de Mineralogía y Petrología, Facultad de CienciasUniversidad de GranadaGranadaSpain

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