Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology

, Volume 166, Issue 5, pp 1323–1334 | Cite as

Pink manganian phengite in a high P/T meta-conglomerate from northern Syros (Cyclades, Greece)

  • Rainer Altherr
  • Christian Soder
  • Sandra Panienka
  • Daniel Peters
  • Hans-Peter Meyer
Original Paper


A new occurrence of Mn-rich rocks was discovered within the high-pressure/low-temperature metamorphic rocks on the Palos peninsula of Syros (Greece). Near the summit of Mount Príonas, a meta-conglomerate consists of calcite (~63 wt%), pink manganian phengite, blue–purple manganian aegirine–jadeite, microcline, albite and quartz. In addition, it contains abundant braunite-rich aggregates (up to ~1.5 cm in diameter) that include hollandite [(Ba0.98–1.02K<0.01Na<0.02Ca<0.03) (Mn 1.02–1.52 3+ Fe 0.38–0.88 3+ Ti0.29–0.92Mn 5.11–5.76 4+ )O16], barite and manganian hematite. Due to metamorphic recrystallization and deformation, the contacts between clasts and matrix are blurred and most clasts have lost their identity. In back-scattered electron images, many aegirine–jadeite grains appear patchy and show variable jadeite contents (Jd10–67). These pyroxenes occur in contact with either quartz or albite. Manganian phengite (3.41–3.49 Si per 11 oxygen anions) is of the 3T type and contains 1.4–2.2 wt% of Mn2O3. At the known PT conditions of high-pressure metamorphism on Syros (~1.4 GPa/ 470 °C), the mineral sub-assemblage braunite + quartz + calcite (former aragonite) suggests high oxygen fugacities relative to the HM buffer (+7 ≤ ∆fO2 ≤ + 17) and relatively high CO2 fugacities. The exact origin of the conglomerate is not known, but it is assumed that the Fe–Mn-rich and the calcite-rich particles originated from different sources. Braunite has rather low contents of Cu (~0.19 wt%) and the concentrations of Co, Ni and Zn are less than 0.09 wt%. Hollandite shows even lower concentrations of these elements. Furthermore, the bulk-rock compositions of two samples are characterized by low contents of Cu, Co and Ni, suggesting a hydrothermal origin of the manganese ore. Most likely, these Fe–Mn–Si oxyhydroxide deposits consisted of ferrihydrite, todorokite, birnessite, amorphous silica (opal-A) and nontronite. Al/(Al + Fe + Mn) ratios of 0.355 and 0.600 suggest the presence of an aluminosilicate detrital component.


Manganian phengite Braunite Hollandite High-pressure metamorphism Syros Greece 



Ilona Fin and Oliver Wienand prepared the (polished) thin sections. Oleksandr Varychev helped with the SEM work, and Thomas Ludwig is thanked for providing the SIMS facility in excellent conditions. Martin Karl and Reinhard Fritsche (Terrachem Analytical Laboratory, Mannheim) carried out the bulk-rock analyses. Klaus Will took the photographs of the sample (Fig. 2a, b). Helpful reviews by Chris Ballhaus and Martin Okrusch are gratefully acknowledged.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rainer Altherr
    • 1
  • Christian Soder
    • 1
  • Sandra Panienka
    • 1
  • Daniel Peters
    • 1
  • Hans-Peter Meyer
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Earth SciencesUniversity of HeidelbergHeidelbergGermany

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