Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology

, Volume 164, Issue 4, pp 715–729 | Cite as

Intracrystalline microstructures in alkali feldspars from fluid-deficient felsic granulites: a mineral chemical and TEM study

  • Lucie Tajčmanová
  • Rainer Abart
  • Richard Wirth
  • Gerlinde Habler
  • Dieter Rhede
Original Paper

Abstract

Samples of essentially “dry” high-pressure felsic granulites from the Bohemian Massif (Variscan belt of Central Europe) contain up to 2-mm-large perthitic alkali feldspars with several generations of plagioclase precipitates in an orthoclase-rich host. The first generation takes the form of lenses homogeneous in size, whereas the size of a second generation of very thin albite-rich precipitates is more variable with comparatively high aspect ratios. In the vicinity of large kyanite, garnet or quartz inclusions, the first generation of plagioclase precipitates is significantly less abundant, the microstructure is coarser than in the remainder of the perthitic grain and the host is a tweed orthoclase. The first generation of precipitates formed at around 850 °C during the high-pressure stage (16–18 kbar) of metamorphism. Primary exsolution was followed by primary coarsening of the plagioclase precipitates, which still took place at high temperatures (850–700 °C). The coarsening was pronounced due to the access of fluids in the outer portions of the perthitic alkali feldspar and in more internal regions around large inclusions. The second generation of albite-rich precipitates was formed at around 570 °C. TEM investigations revealed that the interfaces between the second-generation plagioclase lamellae and the orthoclase-rich host are coherent or semi-coherent. During late evolutionary stages of the perthite, albite linings were formed at phase boundaries, and the perthitic microstructure was partially replaced by irregularly shaped precipitates of pure albite with incoherent interfaces. The albitization occurred below 400 °C and was linked to fluid infiltration in the course of deuteric alteration. Based on size-distribution analysis, it is inferred that the precipitates of the first generation were most probably formed by spinodal decomposition, whereas the precipitates of the second generation rather were formed by nucleation and growth.

Keywords

Bohemian Massif High-pressure granulites Perthite Nucleation and growth Size distribution Spinodal decomposition 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lucie Tajčmanová
    • 1
    • 2
  • Rainer Abart
    • 3
  • Richard Wirth
    • 4
  • Gerlinde Habler
    • 3
  • Dieter Rhede
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Earth SciencesSwiss Federal Institute of TechnologyZurichSwitzerland
  2. 2.Czech Geological SurveyPrague 1Czech Republic
  3. 3.Department of Lithospheric ResearchUniversity of ViennaWienAustria
  4. 4.Deutsches GeoForschungsZentrumPotsdamGermany

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