Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology

, Volume 159, Issue 4, pp 541–561 | Cite as

Degassing, crystallization and eruption dynamics at Stromboli: trace element and lithium isotopic evidence from 2003 ashes

  • Federica Schiavi
  • Katsura Kobayashi
  • Takuya Moriguti
  • Eizo Nakamura
  • Massimo Pompilio
  • Massimo Tiepolo
  • Riccardo Vannucci
Original Paper

Abstract

During its 1800-year-long persistent activity the Stromboli volcano has erupted a highly porphyritic (HP) volatile-poor scoriaceous magma and a low porphyritic (LP) volatile-rich pumiceous magma. The HP magma is erupted during normal Strombolian explosions and lava effusions, while the LP one is related to more energetic paroxysms. During the March–April 2003 explosive activity, Stromboli ejected two typologies of juvenile glassy ashes, namely highly vesicular LP shards and volatile-poor HP shards. Their textural and in situ chemical characteristics are used to unravel mutual relationships between HP and LP magmas, as well as magma dynamics within the shallow plumbing system. The mantle-normalized trace element patterns of both ash types show the typical arc-lava pattern; however, HP glasses possess incompatible element concentrations higher than LP glasses, along with Sr and Eu negative anomalies. HP shards are generally characterized by higher Li contents (to ~20 ppm) and lower δ7Li values (+1.2 to −3.8‰) with respect to LP shards (Li contents of 7–14 ppm and δ7Li ranging between +4.6 and +0.9‰). Fractional crystallization models based on major and trace element compositions, combined with a degassing model based on open-system Rayleigh distillation and on the assumption that melt/fluidDLi > 1, show that abundant (~30%) plagioclase precipitation and variable degrees of degassing can lead the more primitive LP magma to evolve toward a differentiated (isotopically lighter) HP magma ponding in the upper conduit and undergoing slow continuous degassing-induced crystallization. This study also evidences that in March 2003 Stromboli volcano poured out a small early volume of LP magma that traveled slower within the conduit with respect to later and larger volumes of fast ascending LP magma erupted during the April 5 paroxysm. The different ascent rates and cooling rates of the two LP magma batches (i.e., pre- and post-paroxysm) resulted in small, but detectable, differences in their chemical signatures. Finally, this study highlights the high potential of in situ investigations of juvenile glassy ashes in petrologic and geochemical monitoring the volcanic activity and of Li isotopes as tracers of degassing processes within the shallow plumbing system.

Keywords

Stromboli Volcanic ash Lithium isotopes Degassing-induced crystallization Petrologic monitoring 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors are greatly indebted to A. Bertagnini, L. Francalanci, P. Landi, N. Métrich, M. Palenzona, C. Sakaguchi, R. Tanaka, S. Tommasini and A. Zanetti for providing samples, lab assistance, petrologic and chemical data and scientific advice. FS and RV wish to thank COE-21 (Japan) and the scientific and administrative staff of ISEI for giving the opportunity to conduct research in the PML lab, for providing assistance, as well as for their warm hospitality, during stages at Misasa. R. Halama, L. Francalanci and an anonymous reviewer are gratefully acknowledged for constructive criticism and comments that greatly improved an early version of the manuscript. This research was supported by COE-21 (Japan) and MIUR, CNR, INGV (Italy) funds.

Supplementary material

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Supplementary material 5 (PDF 510 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Federica Schiavi
    • 1
  • Katsura Kobayashi
    • 2
  • Takuya Moriguti
    • 2
  • Eizo Nakamura
    • 2
  • Massimo Pompilio
    • 3
  • Massimo Tiepolo
    • 4
  • Riccardo Vannucci
    • 4
    • 5
  1. 1.Bayerisches GeoinstitutUniversität BayreuthBayreuthGermany
  2. 2.The Pheasant Memorial Laboratory for Geochemistry and Cosmochemistry (PML), Institute for Study of the Earth’s InteriorOkayama University at MisasaTottori-kenJapan
  3. 3.Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e VulcanologiaPisaItaly
  4. 4.CNR, Istituto di Geoscienze e GeorisorsePaviaItaly
  5. 5.Dipartimento di Scienze della TerraUniversità degli Studi di PaviaPaviaItaly

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