Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology

, Volume 152, Issue 6, pp 721–742 | Cite as

The petrogenesis of Carboniferous–Permian dyke and sill intrusions across northern Europe

  • L. A. KirsteinEmail author
  • G. R. Davies
  • M. Heeremans
Original Paper


The presence or absence of a thermally anomalous mantle plume during the formation of the widespread Carboniferous–Permian magmatism of northern Europe is examined. The geochemistry of representative samples from the extensive Carboniferous–Permian dyke and sill intrusions across northern Europe are reported in order to ascertain whether they have a common ‘plume’ source. Both tholeiitic and alkaline magmas have diverse trace element compositions. Alkaline samples with relatively low Ti and Nb/La < 1 are considered to originate in the lithospheric mantle and those with Nb/La > 1 from the asthenosphere. The tholeiites have a close affinity to E-MORB but have mixed with variable amounts of lithosphere and upper crust. Tectonic reorganisation and decompression melting of a trace element-enriched mantle is considered to have controlled the Carboniferous–Permian magmatism, which contains no coherent geochemical evidence for a single plume-related thermo-chemical anomaly.


Olivine Lithospheric Mantle Crustal Contamination Alkali Basalt Garnet Lherzolite 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



We gratefully acknowledge funding during this work by the European Commission TMR Network project “Permo–Carboniferous rifting in Europe” (ERBFMRXCT960093). The input of all the network partners is appreciated in discussing ideas relating to this work. The assistance of Prof. Terry Plank, Boston University and Dr. Pieter Vroon, Vrije Universiteit in the production of data is appreciated. Acknowledgement of this funding source and co-workers does not imply that they concur with the conclusions drawn herein. Reviews by Alison Monaghan and E-R Neumann were appreciated and substantially improved the original manuscript. We are also indebted to Ian Parsons for his editorial contributions.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Grant Institute of Earth ScienceUniversity of EdinburghEdinburghUK
  2. 2.Faculty of Earth and Life SciencesVrije UniversiteitAmsterdamThe Netherlands
  3. 3.Department of GeologyUniversity of OsloOsloNorway

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